Brown Discharge: Causes, Consequences, Symptoms And Cases

What is the brown discharge?

Vaginal discharge is an issue that concerns all women, as it can say a lot about the health of the intimate area. Vaginal discharge is a watery discharge, which can become slimy and can vary in consistency, color, and odor depending on various factors.

In this case, the brown discharge proceeds like any other from the cervix, it normally takes on a dark color because it is made up of the remains of blood that remain in the body, either because it has not been discarded before or because the process has taken longer to complete. do it. This flow can occur before or after menstruation, as well as it can be a sign of pregnancy, although there are other different reasons that determine the presence of this flow.

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Causes and consequences of brown discharge

Many times the change in the color of the discharge can be related to the presence of an infection, however, the brown discharge, although it is not far from the subject, has other types of common causes.

The most common cause that causes the brown discharge are menstruation alterations, in certain cases, the brown discharge is about old cells that could not be expelled at the time, as well as old blood or blood residues.

Likewise, the brown discharge can also be a sign that you are ovulating, although there is no very certain proof of why the color change occurs in that case. Similarly, one of the most common causes of brown discharge is pregnancy, especially when the discharge appears just before menstruation begins.

Other reasons that can motivate the appearance of brown discharge are: contraceptives, ovarian cysts, polyps or cervical cancer.

Fertility and infertility

The brown discharge can affect fertility, as it can be the rupture of the follicle that surrounds the egg, which results in the expulsion of a small amount of blood. This bleeding can be considered normal, but if it occurs in each menstrual cycle, it is recommended that the woman go for a medical check-up, since it could affect her in case of pregnancy.

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Symptoms of brown discharge

There are no symptoms directly linked to the simple appearance of the brown discharge, it would be necessary to determine the cause of the appearance of the discharge to identify the other symptoms that may appear, that is, if the brown discharge is linked to a problem due to cysts, the symptoms would be manifestations of the cysts, as well as the flow would also be a symptom of that problem.

In the same way, if we consider the brown discharge as a secretion that expels the remains of blood that remain in the body, we can infer that this is a symptom before or after menstruation, so the other symptoms that should manifest are those related to this, as well as: swelling in the belly, breast tenderness, colic, among others.

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Why is the discharge brown?

Vaginal discharge is a discharge that is evidently expelled from the uterus, it can change color, smell and consistency depending on different factors. One of the most common flows and perhaps the most worrying due to the contrast it generates is the brown flow, since it is normal for the flow to be transparent or whitish in color, in this way we can notice that being clearly brown attracts attention. However, the brown color of the discharge is due to the fact that it is composed of blood residues that could not be expelled in the previous cycle, or it is due to slight bleeding that can be caused by various reasons, some pathological and others simply natural.

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Is it normal to have brown discharge? Why?

The brown discharge can be considered normal depending on the circumstances, since there are cases where it can be considered normal, while there are others where this matter does not have to be taken so calmly.

For example, if you are menstruating and at the end of this only brown discharge begins to be expelled, it may be because only the remains of blood that remain in the uterus are being discarded, which is normal. The same happens if the brown discharge is noticed before starting menstruation, which can also be a sign of pregnancy if normal menstruation bleeding does not begin later.

However, on the other hand, if you are pregnant and brown discharge begins, you should immediately go for a medical check-up, since in the first trimester of pregnancy it could be a miscarriage.

In the same way, if the brown discharge occurs several times during the same menstrual cycle and symptoms such as pain in the belly, colic and swelling are added, it may be a problem or disease at the level of the uterus or ovaries, therefore, you have to opt for a medical review to remedy the situation.

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Brown discharge during pregnancy, why? How does it affect?

Normally, the brown discharge is not related to some harmful cause, but it is simply the expulsion of blood that had accumulated inside the uterus. However, when it occurs in pregnancy, certain things must be taken into account, mainly: you have to seek medical attention to determine what it is and secondly, you have to be very careful if the flow is abundant and accompanied by pain.

First term

In the first three months of pregnancy, the appearance of brown discharge can be considered normal, since it is usually a detachment of the zygote in the uterine wall, which causes a small hemorrhage that is expelled and results in the well-known brown discharge. However, in the same way, you have to go to the doctor to determine what is really what has happened and mislead any other problem.

Second trimester

For the second trimester of pregnancy, the aforementioned phenomenon should not be experienced, so in the presence of brown discharge you must be very careful and consult the problem with your doctor. It is best to take rest and carry out the pertinent studies and tests to rule out any problems. The reasons that can cause the appearance of brown discharge in this case are: trauma to the cervix or infection (can be caused by sexual intercourse), misplacing or detachment of the placenta, premature delivery.

Third quarter

In the last trimester of pregnancy, one must be even more careful about the appearance of brown discharge, even if it appears in a lighter or more reddish tone, since it could show the following: early delivery, rupture in the wall of the uterus , sign of preparation for childbirth, dilation of the cervix.

During and after breastfeeding

After pregnancy, it is normal for it to take a while for the appearance of menstruation again, in the same way it can also appear, but it takes time to regularize. Therefore, the first months of breastfeeding and up to a few months after this, signs of menstruation may not appear and this does not mean that there is a new pregnancy, but that the body is returning to normalize its cycle.

Each body behaves differently, so there is no specific measure of when you start menstruating again after pregnancy and there is no common factor that relates breastfeeding to this fact. It may be the case where a woman begins to spot during breastfeeding or notices the presence of brown discharge, but this is only a sign that something that was in the uterus is being discarded and has no direct relationship with the fact of breastfeeding or not .

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Ovulation and brown discharge, what happens?

In the process of ovulation we can find that the egg is surrounded by a follicle that matures and grows. There are cases where this follicle ruptures and this causes slight bleeding. This blood that remains there, ages and dries, so its color changes from deep red to brown, it is these brown blood remains that are expelled and are perceived as a brown discharge during the ovulation process. This fact is not serious at all, but if it is experienced monthly with each cycle, it is best to go to the doctor to determine that there is no problem at the level of the uterus, that is, to prevent any problems.

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Brown discharge after intercourse, why?

Expel brown discharge after having sexual intercourse can be caused by trivial reasons and other more serious, although in the same way in either case you should resort to medical attention to prevent any complications.

The brown discharge after intercourse can be due to a very rough intercourse, which can cause injury, as well as the lack of lubrication can cause this effect.

On the other hand, the most serious causes that can cause the appearance of brown discharge after having sex are: cervical dysplasia, infections such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, vaginitis, polyps in the cervix, fibroids and other types of infections.

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Before and after menstruation brown discharge, why?

The main factor that gives color to the brown discharge are the remains of blood that remain in the uterus, which is why the most common is that the brown discharge occurs before and / or after menstruation, since it is in these moments where either the blood begins to be discarded and thus little by little the flow of color is transformed, or also, at the end of menstruation, when all the blood is expelled, the final waste can be discarded along with the flow and thus it tends to turn brown.

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Dark brown flow

The dark brown discharge does not imply a problem in particular cases such as before or after menstruation, since the color of the discharge is caused by the presence of blood in the secretions. However, when the flow is accompanied by other very serious symptoms such as pain in the belly, bloating, colic and others, it is necessary to see a doctor, as it can be a more serious problem, as well as an infection or a disease.

The most serious causes that can cause the appearance of the dark brown discharge are: tumors or cancer in the uterus, lesions in the parts of the reproductive system, clotting problems, spontaneous abortion, among others.

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Brown discharge in infants and girls, is it normal? Why?

After the first menstruation, the brown flow is normal in girls, since it can be a form of conditioning of the body to this new process, in this way the normal flow can be considered in the following situations: before or after menstruation , irregularly in the middle of the century and until a few months after the first period. However, if the flow manifests itself with more severe and marked symptoms, more care and attention must be taken in the case, since it can be diseases such as: non-sexual infections, but such as hepatitis, clotting problems, genital organs with abnormalities, stress, lack of vitamins and malnutrition.

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Brown discharge pathologies

The most recurrent pathologies that can be derived from the appearance of brown discharge are the following:

  • Fragile blood vessels: The fact that the blood vessels are more fragile, favors the bleeding that takes place during ovulation, in this way the brown discharge is a result of this problem. Likewise, this flow can also be due to cardiovascular problems and liver diseases.
  • Vaginal infection: If the discharge is accompanied by other more serious symptoms, it is advisable to see a doctor immediately to determine if it is an infectious process and thus prevent it from worsening.
  • Menopause: When a woman is entering the menopausal stage, it is normal for her to notice the presence of brown discharge, which can be an indicator of the permanent end of the ovulation cycle.
  • Yeast infection If the brown discharge is accompanied by an unpleasant odor and is thick in consistency, it may be a yeast or fungal infection problem.
  • Pregnancy: Implantation bleeding is one of the most common causes of brown discharge.


When the brown discharge is accompanied by a sandy or fibrous texture or consistency, it may be because it is made up of endometrial tissue. This phenomenon is common in women of any age and normally happens a few days after menstruation, although it is not a serious problem, it is worth asking a doctor’s opinion to rule out that it is a major problem and avoid complications.


The gelatinous brown discharge can indicate the formation of a polyp in the uterus, so it is pertinent to be careful with the appearance of other symptoms that indicate this problem and go to the doctor to determine the cause or rule out the disease.

Smelling and odorless

When the flow is accompanied by a strong smell is when you have to be more aware of the problem, because this usually indicates the presence of an infection. This brown discharge usually comes with symptoms that can be mistaken for PMS, but it can be differentiated by the smell it presents.


The brown discharge presents this coloration because it is composed of old blood, so the fact that it appears before or after menstruation is totally normal, regardless of its consistency. Special care must be taken only when more severe and marked symptoms are shown.


The amount as well as the smell of the brown discharge are the characteristics that must be taken into account when witnessing a surprise appearance of this fluid, since they are factors that indicate an abnormality in the health of the uterus, but provided that it is a quantity moderate and nothing out of the ordinary is noticeable, most likely there is no serious problem behind this flow.

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Can men have brown discharge?

Men unlike women do not expel fluids through their genitals, in the male case the only fluid that comes out of the penis is semen and this only at the time of ejaculation, so any other secretion that can be noticed in this organ is an abnormal matter and requires medical attention. Most commonly, if you notice a dark fluid, such as brown discharge in women, it may be an infectious problem, either in the urethra, prostate, urinary tract, or glans.

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Why the brown discharge after a smear test?

After an appointment at the gynecologist, or specifically after having a cytology, it is normal to see the presence of brown discharge, since the area of ​​the cervix is ​​made up of thousands of blood vessels which can be affected by the use of speculum. and therefore small hemorrhages are caused, which at the end of the day result in a small brown discharge, but this is not serious at all.

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Does brown discharge occur after cesarean section? Why?

Yes, brown discharge can occur after a cesarean section. As we have already mentioned, the brown discharge is nothing more than the normal fluid from the vagina accompanied by traces of old blood that has not been discarded, therefore, when this discharge occurs without any other symptoms, it is only a waste sample from the body, and in the case of a caesarean section, it seems to be more evident that what causes the discharge is the natural cleaning of the uterus after the operation.

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Menopause and brown discharge

The brown discharge in menopause may be the sign that the last menstrual cycle has finally been reached, since the body will not be able to continue ovulating and therefore what remains is for the uterus to be completely cleaned, thus discarding the remnants of blood that may remain, which results in this brown discharge. It should be noted that if this fluid persists in a considerable amount, it is best to see a doctor to prevent it from being a major problem.

Brown discharge after an abortion

The brown discharge during the first months of pregnancy can be a sign of a spontaneous abortion and can continue to be witnessed after the abortion has developed, since the body tends to eliminate the remains that remain inside the uterus and are expelled along with the fluids vaginal. There are cases where the process is carried out completely naturally, that is, the body is responsible for carrying out the entire decomposition process and discarding everything that the putero stores, but there are also cases where the pregnancy is cut at one point where it was more advanced and that is where a doctor is needed to prescribe some measure to help the body return to normal.

Is there a relationship between brown discharge and urinary tract infection?

The brown discharge may be related to a yeast infection or another type of infection in the vagina, but it is not related to a urinary infection. The causes that can lead to the appearance of brown discharge are vaginitis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, vulvovaginitis, among other infections.

Treatments and home remedies for brown discharge

There is no treatment or remedy that can prevent brown discharge, especially when it is caused by menstruation, ovulation, or implantation of the egg. However, when it comes to brown discharge caused by a disease, it can be prevented by taking the proper precautions when having sex, following the proper hygiene rules and having regular control with the gynecologist.

Reader resources other types of flows

Types of Flow WITHOUT pregnancy

Types of discharge WITH pregnancy

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Kathie Sand always saw the world of beauty as the terrain on which to build her professional career, a goal that was clear to her when she was only 15 years old. Her great concern to expand knowledge led her to settle in Paris where she studied hand in hand with the best beauty professionals and with the most advanced techniques for skin care.

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