What is hair Coloring: Precaution, Contraindication and FAQ

Do you dye your hair? Do you like to change the color? So, surely you always ask yourself many questions about this treatment and leave them unanswered, we are going to try to solve them !!!

There are many myths about colorants, in addition to the fact that their effects vary greatly from one person to another, depending on the type of hair and the history of the treatments performed.

If you are considering a hair coloring treatment , take a look at some important color facts.

What is hair coloring?

Synonyms: Pigmentation, dyeing, colored hair.

The dye is any treatment that changes the color of the hair, for this purpose, two types of products are used that have different effects on the hair:

Ammonia-free hair dyes

They simply intensify the color in a next shade to the original tone of the hair and cannot lighten our original tone. They can also cover gray hair in a more natural way . It is generally used for sensitive hair and in combination with hair developers, such as hydrogen peroxide substances. It only gives a gentle effect on the hair.

Ammonia dyes

Dyes are products that contain ammonia in their composition, in this way they can lighten hair color up to three tones . They are stronger and, therefore, you should take into account the porosity of your hair before deciding to use them. If your hair is porous and split ends, it can be damaged in the process.

In addition, the products are divided into three categories: permanent, semi-permanent or temporary dyes , and are used according to the purpose of each person.

In general, you can change your natural color to whatever color you choose, but the darker your original color is, the less chance there is that the product will discolor it, and the results will always be warm, such as reddish, coppery, and coppery gold. If you want to change to a blonde hair , the ideal is that you combine this process with a hair bleaching.

If you have thought about changing the color of your hair. Make up your mind with this complete guide !!!

See how I changed the hair color of a friend in this article on how to dye Hair Pink

How is hair coloring done?

In the beauty salon, they first wash your hair and then apply the product, from the roots, along the hair and to the ends, the amount that is necessary. Typically, the classic dye and an oxidant used to fix the color are used in the mix, but it depends on what you ordered. You wait the time necessary for it to act, the hair is washed and then the hairdresser combs you as you wish.

Can I dye my hair at home?

Currently there are several products that allow you to dye your hair at home, but if you do not have the proper care, they can cause stains on your skin and on your own hair. To obtain an excellent result, the ideal is to go to the salon for coloring, because good results appear only if the choice of products and colors has a minimum of prior knowledge.

Who is the designated hair coloring expert?

Ideally, the process should be carried out by professionals specialized in colorimetry, that is, experts in hair coloring.

Care before coloring hair with dyes

Before coloring it is very important that the hair is prepared to receive this type of chemical treatment. It is very important to check the condition of the hair before applying the products, especially its porosity, or it may be damaged by the procedure.

Care after coloring your hair with dyes

Ideally, do at least nutrition or hair repair after dyeing , use specific products for the maintenance of dyed hair at home. The products without sulfates and parabens maintain beautiful and healthy color for much longer. Always try to use specific products for your hair type . It is important to maintain hydration and cauterization , because these processes replenish lipids, proteins, and fluids that can be lost when hair is severely damaged.

Give your hair a break after coloring for a new treatment. When the hair remains healthy, this range can vary about fifteen days, from that of hydration . But if the hair is damaged, it is best to wait longer.

Contraindications of coloring your hair

There are people who develop allergies to the components of the dye. In general, they are allergic to ammonia and certain dyes used in some brands. These people should not dye or look for products that are softer and non-allergy (hypoallergenic). Also, people with acute illnesses or scalp injuries should avoid coloring or bleaching their hair.

Can I dye my hair if I am pregnant?

Pregnant women also have restrictions on hair coloring. It is recommended to consult a doctor in these cases.

Associate the dye with the discoloration

Often times, to achieve a lighter color, it is necessary to first bleach the hair . However, it is important to note that this procedure is much more aggressive , because the hairs lose weight (proteins and keratin) and become thin and brittle. This is a process that should only be done by someone with experience and knowledge of the risks involved, so it is best not to try to do it at home. More information about keratin in hair.

Questions and answers about hair coloring and dyes

1. Does colored hair need special care?

To maintain the integrity of the color, you will have to use specific shampoo and conditioner for colored hair . On the other hand, you cannot neglect with hydration, which must be done weekly . Leave-in products with sun protection are also welcome, as they protect the hair from external agents to prevent color degradation quickly. A good tip is to use a color bath between dye and dye .

2. What are the different types of coloring?

  1. Temporary coloring : it can subtly cover your gray hair and give a different look without having to compromise the hair much, since it has a coloring duration of between 6 or 8 washes.
  2. Tone-on-tone or semi-permanent coloring: it has no ammonia and does not lighten your hair, but it leaves your natural color more radiant and alive. Tone-on-tone lasts up to 6 weeks (20-28 washes) and covers up to 50% of gray hair.
  3. Permanent coloring : ensures 100% coverage of gray hair. This type of dye requires maintenance every 4-5 weeks, because the roots will be evident after this time.

3. Can one color substitute for another?

There is no coloration that can replace another already applied . If you use a permanent color and you want to lighten your hair, consult a professional you trust to advise you on the most appropriate treatment.

4. During pregnancy, can I color my hair?

Future moms should stay away from dyes, at least during the first four months of pregnancy. The scalp is highly vascular and easily absorbs any type of chemical . Ammonia, found in most hair coloring products, can cause problems with the formation of the fetus. With the baby already formed (after the fourth month of pregnancy), ammonia-free products can be used as an alternative. But the follow-up and the indication of a professional is important.

5. Can anti-water shampoos make the color of the dye disappear?

Yes , the anti-residue shampoo has the function of eliminating impurities and chemicals that damage the hair . Remember that the use of this type of deep cleaning product is recommended every 15 days. A smaller range than that can accelerate color wear and, in addition, hair can lose nutrients, becoming duller, drier and more brittle.

6. Does the dye spoil the hair?

The secret is to use a good quality dye and in the right way, as directed by the manufacturer. Currently, colorants have proteins, vitamins and keratin, which treat the hair, giving it shine and flexibility. In general, milder colorants do not contain ammonia and are known as toners (in this case, the effect is temporary and does not lighten the hair). If your hair is too dry, it is not good to dye it, as it can break . Treat it before and then you can do the coloring.

Check out our article for more information on hair vitamins and minerals .

7. What damages less: coloration or highlights, reflections and highlights?

Everything you need to bleach your hair spoils it; that is, highlights and highlights are more damaging than dye . Bleaching removes pigmentation from the hair and, with it, some basic nutrients for your health. In this case, it is important that you get a good hair reconstruction afterwards to replace what was lost.

8. Is bleaching your hair risky?

It is best done by discoloration That a professional, since the use of products and techniques related to discoloration May indeed lead to disaster . People who do straightening or use any product that contains a chemical base, should avoid the use of chlorine, for example. If you want to be a platinum blonde, you need to be extra careful.

9. Can I apply a new color treatment over an older color treatment?

The dye can be used on natural and highlighted hair, but in the case of lightening a color, it is necessary to bleach before (to remove the hair color), and only then is a new shade applied. Discoloration is a very technical treatment that must be done by a professional. Each case requires an application stage to neutralize the color. It is best to wait two weeks before applying a different color.

10. The hair that has been subjected to chemical processes, can not be dyed?

If you have done a perm or a type of straightening, you should not dye the same day . Ideally, you should give your hair enough time to recover (an average of 30 days ) and to do frequent hydrations during this period. Still, some hair suffers from the superposition of chemical processes.

11. Can I mix different shades of the same brand or different brands?

It is not advised. Do not try to mix different colors to try to personalize your color, as the result can be unpleasant. Certain reflections combined can neutralize or produce unwanted reflections.

12. Is there a difference between products with and without ammonia in the formulation?

Yes. Ammonia, which is the basis for many hair dyes, is the cause of many accidents in hairdressing salons, as it can cause irritation of the nasal passages and is an odor nuisance. Ammonia is one of the substances responsible for acting on the hair scales, allowing the color to penetrate and acquire. Ammonia-free products, such as toners and creams, do not work on the hair flakes, and once it is out of the hair, over time, it is not necessary to wait for it to grow out for another application. The advantage is that these products are less aggressive than conventional dyes.

13. Does frequent use of dye cause hair to fall out?

No . The dye does not reach the hair root, which is responsible for growth. However, the continued use of colorants can affect the structure of the hair , causing loss of shine and making it brittle, because the properties of the dye affect keratin, a natural shielding of the hair.

Therefore, opt for products that are enriched with conditioners and nutrients that help create a shield and strengthen the hair during the coloring process.

Anyway, if the dye is of good quality and used correctly with the necessary care, coloring the hair is no longer a damage, and it can even make it more beautiful and shiny.

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Kathie Sand always saw the world of beauty as the terrain on which to build her professional career, a goal that was clear to her when she was only 15 years old. Her great concern to expand knowledge led her to settle in Paris where she studied hand in hand with the best beauty professionals and with the most advanced techniques for skin care.

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