Your period is undoubtedly part of your menstrual cycle. For this reason, this time during the month is usually associated with pain, weakness and often unpleasant side effects. That does not mean that you should forget about another period of the calendar, learn to listen to what your body decides regarding other changes that you undergo and you should not put aside: we refer to the symptoms related to ovulation, which in many occasions for many women are more intense than the menstrual cycle itself.
You may be one of the lucky ones who has never suffered from these symptoms or you simply do not identify them clearly. Precisely this topic we will talk about in detail in this post, after reading it you will understand what ovulation means, you will be able to recognize the symptoms of ovulation, you will learn what are the methods to detect the moment of ovulation, the ovulation calendar or calculator, early ovulation and late, spontaneous ovulation, ovulation induction, among others. You will truly be satisfied with all this important information about ovulation symptoms. You will also discover that painful ovulation is quite common, you will know its symptoms, the reasons for the pain and the causes of these pains.
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In order to distinguish the symptoms of ovulation, it is necessary to understand that this is a process where an egg is created and released. As you already know, your ovaries each month alternately produce a mature egg which leads us to suffer the menstrual cycle on a monthly basis. In your ovaries the eggs are stored, in the first stage of the menstrual period, an egg begins to grow and mature. As the ovulation phase approaches, your body distills large amounts of estrogen (this hormone makes your endometrium thicker, helping to adapt the environment for sperm).
This increase in estrogen levels in turn causes an increase in “luteinizing”; which stimulates the release of the ovary from the matured ovum, resulting in what we call “ovulation”. Generally, between 24 hours and 36 hours, ovulation is generated after the rise. That is why the increase in luteinizing hormone represents an excellent sign of maximum fertility and will be appropriate for you to know whether or not you are ovulating and if there is a probability of getting pregnant.
If your menstrual period is regularly 28 days, you will ovulate around day 14 counting from the initial day of the previous menstrual cycle. The fallopian tubes suck the egg that day, where fertilization will eventually occur. Between 12 and 24 hours this egg will be fertile. Therefore, it is extremely important that you can recognize certain symptoms of your body to know in depth about your menstrual period. You must count the number of days elapsed from the initial day of bleeding and the day before the start of the next bleeding, to be able to calculate the time of your menstrual period. In each woman the menstrual cycle can vary between 23 days and 35 days. For 5 days the sperm can be active in your tubes waiting for an egg to fertilize.
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Most common ovulation symptoms
Now that you know what ovulation means in your menstrual cycle, it is time to know what the most common symptoms of ovulation are, you are probably suffering now.
Vaginal discharge and cervical mucus
The consistency and texture of your vaginal discharge changes during your menstrual period. At ovulation, the texture and consistency of vaginal discharge is whitish in color and similar to egg white . The changes are caused by elevated estrogen levels and represent an unequivocal symptom of the ovulation process.
Generally, vaginal discharge has the role of defense, but at the time of maximum fertility (ovulation), the discharge is responsible for providing an appropriate environment for the sperm to easily go through the cervix, allowing the uterus to be reached. and finally arrive in the fallopian tube to the ovum.
More information on various types of vaginal discharge:
- Brown discharge: causes, consequences, symptoms and cases
- Pink discharge in pregnancy
- Gelatinous flow
- White discharge in pregnancy
- Sticky flow
- Greenish flow
- Pink flow
Pain in the breasts and abdomen
Another of the most frequent symptoms in women is related to a sensation of pins and needles or pain in the abdominal area, but especially on the right side. You may also experience some tension and pain in your breasts. This symptomatology can arise before ovulation, during ovulation and after this. The duration time can vary from hours to a few days. If these signs can be clearly identified, you may know the time of peak fertility.
Physical Basal Temperature
Normally a woman’s temperature is between 36.5ºC and 36.7ºC. If your body temperature rises by 0.4ºC to 1ºC, the variation may not be appreciated. Although it is possible through a thermometer to perform a control to calculate the basal body temperature. This increase is another sign of ovulation. Due to the provocation in the production of the hormone progesterone, ovulation is generated from the released egg, which results in an elevation in basal body temperature. The days of greatest fertility are the 2 or 3 days before the increase in basal body temperature.
Headache and ovulation is frequent. If you have a headache during ovulation there is no need to worry. Although for your peace of mind it is better to take a calendar, and if your menstrual cycle is regular, check that you are in that period of the month. This symptom should not alarm you unless the headache is quite severe. If this is your case, it is best that you go to the doctor to perform some tests for your peace of mind.
During menstruation and ovulation nausea and headaches are common. Due to all the hormonal variation in the body. You may suffer from the well-known menstrual migraines during ovulation. If you take contraceptives, these pains are likely to be more intense and frequent. Some women stop suffering from these pains when they stop taking birth control pills. You can try changing the contraceptive method or brand. It is better that you consult your doctor about other options, it is not necessary that you suffer these pains. You will be able to recognize the headache generated by contraceptives because the pain changes from mild to more intense pain and is located mainly on one side.
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Symptoms related to mood swings
In ovulation you can suffer from some symptoms caused by hormonal changes, positive or negative mood changes can affect you in this period. It represents one of the most prominent signs during ovulation : throughout the day you can experience a dance of sensations that go from joy to sadness . On the bright side, we can tell you that you probably feel more energetic.
To control these hormonal variations you have an ally: the calendar. Consider your ovulation days, then you should try to regulate your emotions and sensations, especially negative ones. Try planning something enjoyable that you enjoy, such as taking a walk to the park, enjoying a movie at the cinema, or going out to dinner. The key is to do activities that satisfy you and keep your mind busy. Remember that the entire menstrual period includes variations, among which are the days before ovulation and the days after.
Kidney or back pain
Before or during your ovulation you should monitor your posture very well, because the variations in your body will be reflected in your kidneys and back. During this ovulation period it is normal that you have some cramps in the lower lumbar area, in addition to the resistance in your back.
If you are one of the people who spends a lot of time sitting in front of the computer, try to have an adequate and comfortable posture. On the other hand, if you spend a lot of time standing during the day, choose comfortable shoes and walk as straight as possible. The discomfort in the lower back is likely to curl little by little. You can take any anti-inflammatory during ovulation, without falling into excesses. The best thing is that you sleep well during these days, rest and be as pleasant as possible.
If you have noticed that you increased your weight a little for no apparent reason. Take a look at your calendar, because you are possibly ovulating. You may feel a bit bloated from fluid retention, which will cause you to gain volume and weight. Do not worry because this effect does not last long, just two days to return to your normal weight. To make you feel more comfortable, choose flowing clothes and open shoes, in addition to doing little exercise. When you are bloated, exercising is not pleasant at all. Although this is not a standardized rule, remember that every woman is different, the main thing is that you can listen to your body and try to act according to what your body says.
If you notice that you are more hungry during ovulation, you can calm your appetite by consuming some foods that have a satiating effect . You just have to be cautious with dinner, because it is at this meal of the day where you have the best chance of gaining weight. Remember that after ovulation the extra kilos will stay with you the rest of the time.
Gas is related to bloating, in many cases gas is the cause of inflammation, in addition to fluid retention. You may feel heavier from gas and suffer from severe stomach pains. To combat gas during ovulation, you must avoid foods that exacerbate this problem. You can also help yourself with a hot water bottle. Strangely, gas is little known as a symptom of ovulation, despite being quite common. This usually happens because of your suspicion to talk about these things. Don’t worry if this happens to you because gas is quite common in this period.
We know how annoying gas can be, especially if it is followed by a severe stomach pain that ends up leaving you in bed. Bet on a healthy diet, avoid legumes for several days and certain vegetables such as cauliflower.
Contraceptive pill, ally or enemy in ovulation
Due to its practicality, the contraceptive pill is quite popular, in addition to having a reduced hormone load. In the same way, it is necessary to remember that the pill is a drug whose chemical component causes alterations in your body. Side effects and your hormonal cycle change when you take the birth control pill, but ovulation does not actually occur, although you may have some symptoms. There is a huge contradiction with the pills: some women may experience the symptoms more intensely and others reduce the discomfort completely.
If this is your case, it is best that you go to the gynecologist and stop taking the pill that makes you feel bad. It is your doctor who can determine if the amount of hormones in the pills is appropriate for you. You must consider that each organism is different, the pill may work well now but later it will not suit you. That is why the medical check-up and control are important.
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How do I know if I am on ovulation days?
You are probably one of the women who wants to know the moment of your period where you are. If you want to know the exact day of ovulation, it is necessary that you find out about the existence of ovulation tests or ovulation tests. This test is responsible for detecting the hormonal concentration and tells you whether or not you are ovulating. Many women look when trying to get pregnant they look for these kinds of tests. This is where your chances of getting pregnant rise.
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Methods to detect ovulation
Know which are the methods that allow you to detect the ideal moment of ovulation:
The test strips:
This method should be done when you are about to ovulate, the levels of LH (luteinizing hormone) are measured through the urine. Approximately 36 hours before ovulation occurs, the luteinizing surge will take place. The perfect time to use the test strips is between 2:00 PM and 8:00 PM and they are 99% accurate. When the luteinizing hormone rises to its maximum point, the ideal moment begins to increase the probability of pregnancy and for couple relationships (at least 3 more days to increase the probabilities).
If you are not familiar with test strips, do not worry because they are simply strips of about 5 cm long in plastic, which have pads with a chemical that reacts in urine. You should only urinate on the test strip in a similar way to pregnancy tests.
In addition to the changes that you may experience in cervical mucus, variations are also generated in saliva. The increase in your estrogen levels during ovulation causes an increase in saliva, specifically in salinity . When saliva is observed through a microscope, it is possible to notice transparent structures. You can identify your fertile days by studying the changes in your saliva daily. If your menstrual cycle is irregular, the saliva test is the best method, although doing it alone can be a bit complex. For this method it is best that you go to a doctor.
The ovulation test is another way that you can detect your fertile days in the month or to know if you are ovulating. This method allows you to extend your chances of conceiving. By means of the sample of your saliva, this test (distributed in pharmacies) will reliably and accurately show you the 2 days with the highest fertility in the month, making it easier to know the ideal moment to have sex to get pregnant. The most advisable thing is to carry out the test in the early morning and if you have drunk, eaten, brushed your teeth or smoked; you must wait at least two hours before doing this test.
You don’t need to worry if you fail on the first try, because many couples take about six months to get pregnant. Try to stay calm because stress makes conception difficult and consult a trusted doctor to clarify any doubts. You should also take into account that depending on certain external or internal factors, ovulation in each woman may change slightly. For example, in summer your menstrual period may last fewer days or it may come later. You only need to pay attention to the regularity of your menstrual cycle, to detect your ovulation process.
If your case is that of a woman with problems in the regularity of menstruation and you want to have a baby, it is essential that you go to a doctor to indicate some treatment to regulate your menstrual period, in order to control your ovulation and the chances of conceive a baby increase.
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It is considered a normal step that happens in your body. When the ovum matures early, the follicle resigns between eight and ten days after the start of the menstrual cycle. Generally, this can be caused by multiple reasons: stress, different diets, chronic diseases, tobacco, alcohol or having a very fast-paced lifestyle.
Different factors that influence early oocyte maturation
Your menstrual cycle can be affected by minimal variation in your body . Colds, fatigue, sleep, stress, and change in weather can cause the egg to mature and exit the follicle just after the menstrual period. Some medications and bad habits (alcohol and tobacco use) can affect your menstrual period. Excessive weight loss and dieting can make conception difficult. In many cases, early ovulation is associated with profound hormonal changes.
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Late ovulation usually originates in women who have a very short luteal phase, resulting in some problems getting pregnant. In women whose menstrual period is regularly 28 days, ovulation occurs around day 14 and the luteal phase takes 12 to 14 days, up to one day before the start of the menstrual cycle. Then, calculating your fertile days is easier.
In women with hormonal problems or irregular menstrual cycles, ovulation occurs around day 20 of their menstrual period (late ovulation), so their luteal phase does not last 14 days, just 8 days to be exact. Irregular menstruation can make it more difficult for you to get pregnant, since late ovulation usually occurs with low levels of the gonadotropin hormones (luteinizing, chorionic gonadotropin, or follicle stimulating). If this is your case, after some studies and analysis, your doctor may indicate a treatment to stimulate ovulation.
Fertility and late ovulation
As you already know, ovulation is the normal production and release of eggs that are suitable for fertilization; ovulation usually occurs in the initial weeks of your menstrual period. After 21 days of the menstrual period, late ovulation begins. You may not be able to get pregnant as a result of late ovulation. The big problem would be caused by the delay in releasing the egg, causing the egg not to be mature enough to be fertilized. This delay can also cause the eggs to move to the uterus, when it is not in a position for implantation to take place.
Symptoms related to late ovulation
Several signs can be an indication of the beginning of ovulation, you can easily distinguish these signs if you are between days 12 and 16 after the last menstrual cycle. Conversely, your ovulation may be late and occur after 21 days of the menstrual period. Compared to the symptoms of normal ovulation, the symptoms of late ovulation are generally similar:
- Increase in sexual desire.
- Variations in the cervix.
- Clear cervical mucus.
- Changes in basal body temperature.
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Ovulation calendar or calculator
Determining your fertility period and calculating your ovulation is very simple, you can do it through several methods. The ovulation calculator or calendar is one of these methods, through the calendar you can observe your fertile days from the period between cycles, which is usually between 28 days and 30 days. Ovulation usually occurs between days 10 and 16 of your period.
Subtract 14 days from the time of your menstrual period to know your fertile day. For example, I would give you day 14 if you have a regular 28-day cycle from the first day of your cycle to the next. Then the moment with high probability of fertility would be the resulting one (ovulation estimate). Although you can also opt for calculators whose principle is similar, but the resulting one is done automatically when you enter your last period and the days of your menstrual cycle . Despite this, it is difficult to determine exactly your ovulation day, because each woman is different and they have different menstrual cycles. Your menstrual period is the result of a complicated hormonal interaction, therefore it is influenced by several factors that intervene in the process.
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Symptoms of painful ovulation
These kinds of symptoms usually appear 15 days before your menstrual period. They are usually discomfort in the area near the hip bone (lower abdominal area). These discomforts can be felt on the left or right side, this depends on the release of the ovum in the ovary. Some women may feel slight pinching or cramping, and others may experience more severe pain.
Why does ovulation appear painful?
When referring to painful ovulation, we are talking about ovulation pain, it is identified in this way thanks to the studies carried out by many specialized doctors. Generally, this pain is described as an agitation in the lower belly area and in most cases it is located on one side. There are several causes of pain in ovulation:
- As a consequence of an erosion caused by the follicle to release the ovule, irritation can occur in the tissues of the abdomen, which when breaking expels blood or fluid.
- The softening of the ovary can be generated by the increase of the follicle.
Is it normal to have painful ovulation?
Although it may seem strange to you, painful ovulation is normal . Even some specialized doctors do not associate painful ovulation with a pathology, because it happens on a very regular basis, which on multiple occasions is connected with the ovulation process and causes some temporary discomfort.
Some treatments for painful ovulation
- Apply heat: in the area of pain you can apply heat, this helps to relax the muscles and increases blood circulation. Heat can be applied with a hot bath or placed directly on the affected area.
- Avoid certain foods: avoid consuming foods with salt, red meat, alcohol and caffeine on ovulation days. In this way the aches and pains will decrease.
- Warm compresses: Many women with painful ovulation have relieved the discomfort with warm bran compresses in the ovarian area.
- Prepare chamomile and anise infusions: chamomile and green anise in an infusion will help you soothe the discomfort of painful ovulation.
- Contraceptives: you can eliminate pain in your ovaries with contraceptives, thanks to the fact that they eliminate natural hormones for Contraceptives suppress natural hormones to immobilize ovulation.
- Take painkillers: if natural remedies do not help you calm the discomfort of painful ovulation, you can try taking paracetamol or ibuprofen.
When should I call the doctor due to painful ovulation?
Although the pains due to painful ovulation are quite regular for many women if these pains persist for more than 2 days and there are other types of symptoms such as pain in urination, fever, vaginal bleeding, vomiting, heavy discharge or inflammation in the abdominal area . It is best to immediately consult a doctor to rule out other health complications or pathologies. As you can see, the discomfort in the ovaries can be caused by the ovulation process, but it is essential that you can distinguish between normal symptoms and symptoms that may be signs of a complication other than the ovulation process . It is better to be cautious against these kinds of symptoms.
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What is spontaneous ovulation?
In many women, the menstrual period occurs periodically, the phases and the duration of these are respected. Although on many occasions imbalances can occur, you must take into account that our body is not a machine, that is why irregularities occur. You are probably wondering if you can ovulate multiple times during your menstrual cycle. There are few women to whom it happens, but it is possible that spontaneous ovulation occurs, especially in women with irregular menstrual cycles.
These cases are widely known as spontaneous ovulation, that is, a few days after the first ovulation a second occurs, when bleeding has not yet been generated. This is a somewhat nonspecific term, since each ovulation in women is spontaneous. It simply means in this case that you have ovulated several times in the same menstrual period. Spontaneous ovulation is also called hyperfertility .
Causes of spontaneous ovulation
The growth of different ovarian follicles at the beginning of any menstrual period is stimulated at the beginning of any menstrual period, one of the follicles is usually ovulatory or dominant, but if your case is that of a woman with spontaneous ovulation, between 2 and 3 dominant follicles can develop different, at various times of menstruation.
The production of these follicles takes place in so-called “waves” that provide a response to the movement of the luteinizing hormone. This process originates on 2 and 3 occasions during the same menstrual period, this explains the production of several eggs in some women. This phenomenon apparently is generated because there is not a sufficient amount of hormones to prevent the hormone from secreting and producing up to 3 matured eggs.
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Ovulation Bleeding or Spoting
There may be bleeding in the middle of your menstrual cycle on certain occasions, this bleeding is usually different from normal menstrual flow. The coloration of the ovulation bleeding is pink, lighter than the regular flow and ovulation will last between 1 and 2 days.There are multiple factors that can cause this bleeding during ovulation. The cause is not very clear for many women, the bleeding may be related to the hormones of the ovaries to generate 20 follicles, which includes a follicle that has not matured, the emergence of the follicles and of all those follicles as soon as one follicle reaches maturation. Bleeding or pain occurs during this stage of follicle rupture. You should observe if this ovulation bleeding is light or lasts longer than 2 days, and that this may be a sign of other medical complications, among which may be endometriosis.
How can I detect ovulation bleeding?
Ovulation bleeding refers to bleeding between menstrual cycles. Events that occur 2 weeks apart may suggest that there is no full ovulation. Several conditions can be the cause of this bleeding such as: polyps in the cervix, irritation in your cervix or polyps in the uterus. Usually it is stained with a pinkish or brown discharge, just brown like bloody discharge.
To determine the reasons for irregular bleeding, your doctor can perform a physical test of your uterus. A hysteroscopy or ultrasound exam will help your doctor determine if there are polyps, fibroids, or other health complications. Polyps can be removed during hysteroscopy for examination, and the lining of the uterus is sampled.
If you notice bleeding during the middle of your menstrual period, you should know that this is not an indication of menstruation. If the bleeding is long-lasting or intense, it is also accompanied by some pain, this may mean that there is a serious complication . But if the bleeding is short and light, without any discomfort, you should not worry because it can be normal.
The brown flow and the rule
There are several causes that can produce changes in vaginal discharge, among these causes we can point out: changes in your mood, hormonal changes, sexual arousal or it can be caused by something more serious such as having contracted any kind of infection. While it is true that any change in vaginal discharge should be reported to your doctor, it is also true that any change in the coloration of vaginal discharge does not mean that there is an infection in the vagina. On many occasions, the brown coloration of the discharge is related to the cells that have not been expelled from the uterus during menstruation, even during the ovulation process the discharge may turn brown (the causes regarding this are still unknown).
The most common cause of brown vaginal bleeding is related to pregnancy. If you have brown or pink discharge on your period date, instead of regular bleeding, this can be a sure sign that you are pregnant. This is because at conception, a discharge that is brownish and lighter than menstrual bleeding is usually expelled. The bleeding can last for several days, in addition, certain abdominal pain can occur. In any case, it is better that you be forewarned and any doubt regarding this, should be clarified by the doctor to avoid serious complications in your health.
Can I get pregnant during my period?
Bleeding or spoting is often confused with menstruation, and spoting can also be accompanied by mild pain that is quite similar to menstrual pain. If ovulation bleeding or spoting matches your fertility days and you have sex with your partner, you will probably get pregnant. We know that it is a fairly frequent question for most women and the answer is positive, that is, if you can get pregnant with your period.
Factors That Can Cause Spoting During Ovulation
Bleeding during the ovulation process can be caused by some factors, you must take these factors into account and keep a detailed control over them.
- The existence of hormonal imbalance or lack of control.
- Uterine polyps and fibroids.
- Contraceptive pills or pills, bleeding can occur as long as the method used is related to hormones. It is best to immediately consult your trusted gynecologist.
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Can ovulation occur without menstruation?
You should know that menstruation is not a sure sign of the ovulation process. Menstruation can take place without ovulation, because the breakdown of the mucosa in the cervix takes place without the need for ovulation . That is, without menstruation there can be no ovulation, unless you have had relationships while pregnant and without protection. To be sure of your ovulation, you can take an ovulation test or test to be better informed about it.
Vaginal discharge during ovulation
In each woman there may be variations in vaginal discharge during each ovulation. On average, a woman may notice that her discharge becomes wetter and clearer during ovulation. Generally, women refer to vaginal discharge at ovulation as whitish cervical mucus from the ovum, because the consistency is specifically similar to the white of an egg. Normally the vaginal discharge is more elastic during ovulation, that is, if you take the vaginal discharge you can stretch it using your fingers and notice that it does not break.
Each woman’s body responds differently, however, changes in hormones in the ovulation process generally do not have the same effect in a significant number of women. Most women may notice that little by little the discharge becomes less sticky and clearer, the closer to the ovulation process. Some women may also find that the discharges are more slippery and wet at the ideal time for fertility.
When the white cervical mucus is abundant, you will probably notice the discharge without problems. Although on many occasions you do not even notice its presence because the discharge remains in the vagina.
If you have white cervical mucus during ovulation, you can tell it apart from other discharges by touch and appearance . Another notable difference is elasticity. Generally, your flow does not extend for much of your menstrual cycle. You may notice on certain days that it seems creamier and on other days you may feel the discharge dry or sticky. On your most fertile days you will notice that you can stretch the discharge between your fingers. The vaginal discharge at ovulation usually does not break and may even bounce when you let it go.
It is noteworthy that not all women have white cervical mucus during ovulation. This can have multiple causes such as: hormonal imbalance, the lack of white cervical mucus due to the natural aging of the woman. At other times, some women may have a clear discharge before ovulation, which appears to dry out before the egg is shed, while other women have a creamy discharge or a lotion-like discharge during ovulation.
Cervical mucus during and after ovulation: ovulation symptoms
The intensity of the mucous glands of your cervix produces cervical mucus, this depends on a few cycles within the menstrual period. Let’s cite an example: cervical mucus is abundant and fluid during ovulation. It spreads perfectly and develops a nutritious environment for sperm. The peculiarities of cervical mucus and symptoms related to ovulation, you can identify them through tests in the laboratory or at home.
IN THE SECRETION OF CERVICAL MUCUS THESE 6 STAGES ARE DISTINGUISHED
- Dry days.
- A thick, sticky discharge.
- Creamy consistency mucus.
- Profuse and watery discharge.
- Cervical mucus similar to an egg white during ovulation.
- Thick white discharge.
In stages 1 and 2, estrogen levels are quite low, and in the stage where the mucus is creamy and the secretion is watery, the estrogen level begins to rise, so the chances of impregnation also increase. In stage 5 there is a peak in estrogen levels, causing the appearance of the egg. Finally in the last stage, a decrease in the curve occurs, due to the hormone progesterone taking the place of estrogen. As a consequence, the classic sticky structure of almost transparent and fluid cervical mucus at ovulation is an effect of the influence generated by estrogens.
CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTIONS OF EGG WHITE MUCUS
Cervical mucus has a protective function throughout the cycle, mechanically blocking infectious agents from entering the cervix. Before ovulation and during ovulation, the cervical mucus performs another very important function: creating suitable conditions so that the ovum can perfectly unite with the sperm.
The fluid and smooth consistency of the cervical mucus helps in this union, because the sperm travel is easier through it. Also, sperm cells appear in the uterine canal days before ovulation. The nutritive substances within the mucus help the male cells to survive until the moment when an egg is released from the follicle. Not only does it create a proper journey for the sperm to its destination, the mucus also develops a counter-hitting support in the spinal cavity. This refers to fragile sperm, which do not exceed the normal flow of cervical fluid. So on a cellular level, primary natural selection takes place.
PATHOLOGIES RELATED TO LITTLE CERVICAL FLUID IN OVULATION
The little cervical fluid in ovulation or the change in its content can become a factor for infertility. Below we detail certain pathologies concerning this phenomenon:
- Cervical stenosis (due to changes by scarring of the cervix or adhesions after a surgical operation): due to the fact that the mucous glands are severely affected, cervical discharge is not produced in sufficient quantity.
- Immunological discrepancy: in this case anti-sperm antibodies are detected in the cervical mucus.
- Diabetes mellitus: there is an imbalance in the biochemical composition of the mucus.
PREDICT OVULATION BASED ON CERVICAL MUCUS
You can keep a special log book to monitor the stages of cervical mucus production at home. For it to work, you need to make a consecutive record in menstruation marking them with an “M”, mark them with an “S” on dry days, record thick and non-transparent mucus with an “N”, and discharge with a “C” vaginal creamy, followed by an “F” for fluid mucus, with the letter “H” for egg-white mucus and thick, white mucus due to progesterone with the letter “B”.
During the first of your registration it is essential that you avoid dating relationships. The most favorable stages for conception are the creamy vaginal discharge (“C”), the fluid mucus period (“F”) and the egg white mucus (“H”); Because heavy peak vaginal discharge usually represents ovulation. You should know that this method only has an accuracy of 70%, for this reason, you need to use another control method. The clinical tests that help to predict ovulation are: frond test, stretch tests and detect the pupil symptom.
Through the gynecological examination of the cervix, the presence of a significant extension of the external cervical cavity can be highlighted, thanks to the massive ovulation cervical mucus, this phenomenon is the “pupil” symptom.
In stretching tests (you can do it at home or your doctor can do it). You need to keep your finger clean to be able to remove a tiny amount of mucus from the vagina, then put the mucus in your other hand and then stretch it to form a strand of mucus. During ovulation it can reach up to 12 cm in length, on the contrary, on different days of the cycle the mucus thread can break between slightly open fingers.
The frond test can be seen by drying the mucus on a glass slide, examination is done under a microscope. The effect is related to the high acid in the discharge of estrogens. The mucus under the influence of the hormone progesterone crystallizes in a fragmentary way, so an image is not created.
OVULATION SYMPTOMS NOT RELATED TO CERVICAL MUCUS
Now we describe the phenomena or symptoms that can be a sign of the release of the egg from the follicle:
- Mild abdominal pain or tingling caused by ovulation.
- Light spots in the middle of the cycle, that is, ovulation bleeding.
- Basal body temperature with typical index in a diagram.
By tracking cervical mucus it is possible to track the ovulation process, although as we discussed earlier, ovulation tracking can be done using other methods. You must bear in mind that any revolution in the production stages before and after the cervical mucus in ovulation, the consistency, color and smell, can be an indication of some pathology. A proper clinical diagnosis is required by a physician.
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What is ovulation induction?
When it speaks of ovulation induction, it refers to a clinical treatment that is carried out in order to obtain an optimal maturation of an ovum or several ovules. Between 15% and 25% the percentage of pregnancies varies per treatment period. Ovulation induction is generally recommended in women who have certain variations in ovulation . These alterations are internally related to menstruation disorders such as the absence of menstruation or amenorrhea.
Prerequisites for performing an ovulation induction
- Complete examination by a gynecologist.
- Complementary tests to eliminate pathologies that prevent or hinder pregnancy.
- The treatment generally used for induction is subcutaneously, intramuscularly or by injections.
- Some causes or factors such as aging in women can significantly affect the final results of fertility treatment. That is why two to three treatment cycles are required to get pregnant.
- The most advisable thing is to carry out between 3 and 6 ovulation induction treatments. When a cycle is not successful, it must be reviewed in order to make the required changes (tighten controls or change the dose). If despite this, you do not get pregnant, it is possible that the doctor considers the probable existence of other causes or anomalies, in addition to the convenience of using other assisted reproductive techniques.
Treatment to achieve a good ovulation
It is essential that you have proper control of your hormonal treatment, in this way it is safer to have an excellent ovulation. To achieve this, you need to understand the phases of treatment for good ovulation.
- Phase 1. Maturity of the ovum: the beginning of the treatment is done through hormonal relationships, they begin on the main days of the cycle and are preserved until the adequate maturation of an ovum or several ovules is achieved. Depending on the cycle and the patient, the doses may change.
- Phase 2. Ovulation: upon achieving adequate maturation of an ovum or two, it is necessary to release ovulation by administering a precise dose of 500 IU of HCG (Chorionic Gonadotropin Hormone). Between 36 hours and 40 after ovulation occurs.
- Phase 3. Preparation of the endometrium: you already know that the endometrium constitutes the mantle that surrounds the inner part of the uterus, the endometrium must be properly prepared so that the embryo can implant. Therefore, after ovulation, 2 additional doses of Chorionic Gonadotropin Hormone are administered or a vaginal treatment with natural progesterone is prepared.
Why is ovulation checked?
The control of ovulation is carried out by two main objectives: to avoid and prevent excessive dangers. For this reason, correct control of the dose in treatment is essential, taking into account the number of eggs that develop in the woman’s ovaries. The growth of a large number of eggs can stimulate the development of a multiple pregnancy or ovarian cysts. Instead, the lack of egg development can cause feelings of frustration. It is important to establish the days with the highest fertility in order to achieve pregnancy.
TESTS TO MONITOR INDUCED OVULATION
The control of the induced ovulation is carried out by means of blood tests and vaginal ultrasound. Here we explain the use of these tests.
- Analysis or blood test: through this test it is possible to know the levels of estrogen, a hormone that increases while the eggs grow in the internal part of the follicles. It is really useful to keep an exact control of the result of the induction treatment.
- Vaginal ultrasound: it is possible to see the ovaries and verify both the growth rate and size of the follicles that are internally (within each follicle there is an egg). As the follicles mature, they increase in size. When the diameter is at least 18 ml, it means that they are ready for ovulation.
Between days 5 and 7 after starting the induction treatment, the first check-up is carried out, usually between the eighth and ninth day of the period . Depending on the response seen in the ovaries, the date for the next control is set, in addition to the required dose. Per treatment cycle, between 3 and up to 4 controls are usually carried out per treatment period. Four to ten days elapse between the first check-up and the last.
COMPLICATIONS THAT CAN BE GENERATED
Currently, the probable long-term side effects of ovulation induction for women have not been scientifically proven. For short-term treatment there are two major risks. Between 15% and 20% of multiple pregnancy occurs frequently and another less common risk is ovarian hyperstimulation.
The follow-up in ovulation controls of the size and number of follicles and estradiol levels, facilitates the recognition of cycles with high risk of multiple pregnancy and hyperstimulation; , when each case is evaluated individually, can cause the cancellation of the treatment. Once you get pregnant, the likely risks to the fetus and to you are similar to those of a spontaneous pregnancy, except for problems caused by an accidental multiple pregnancy, such as low birth weight or prematurity.
When does implantation occur after ovulation?
It is necessary to establish the exact date of ovulation in order to determine the moment when the embryo implantation occurs. Embryo implantation usually begins on the ninth day after ovulation. At least 40% of women have become pregnant after ovulating on the ninth day.
After fertilization, the egg begins to travel through the uterine cavity through the fallopian tubes. During the journey (6 to 7 days) the ovum divides actively and undergoes different stages of development: the zygote becomes a morula and this in turn finally becomes a blastocyst. In the next two or three days the probable embryo moves freely in the uterine concavity, while it continues its preparation for implantation. All women do not experience these phases the same, in many women what is known as early implantation occurs (it is generated between day 3 and 5 of ovulation). On the other hand, other women may experience implantation 12 days later (late implantation). If you wonder about the possibility of implantation occurring after the delay in the cycle, it is unlikely, although it is not impossible. If your cycle is irregular this can happen.
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Symptoms related to implantation
The implantation process may take between two hours and a few days. Surely you have doubts about the symptoms that can be generated during this cycle. We can honestly tell you that you will have practically no symptoms. In any case, you should be very attentive if you observe or perceive the following signs or symptoms:
- Toxicosis in pregnancy: By embedding the blastocyst in the endometrium of the uterus, it begins to establish its vital activity through the mother’s body and removes some products from their vital functions. Mainly causing the symptoms of toxicosis in early pregnancy.
- Implantation spots: At least 30% of women observe a slight discharge in the cervical mucus as a few drops of blood. You need to be careful, the staining is due to the implantation process and can last for about two hours and a few days (maximum 3 days to be exact).
- Changes in the level of the hormone progesterone: progesterone levels rise because the placenta begins to create more than normal, then this process causes a significant increase in the mother’s body temperature. With a specific blood test it is possible to check the level of progesterone.
- Implantation cramps: Although doctors have some doubts about implantation cramps, due to the size of the blastocyst. We cannot deny the statements of many pregnant women, regarding the suffering of early cramps in the abdomen, specifically in the lower part. Cramps do not cause much discomfort and are usually mild. In any case, if you get to feel these spasms quite regularly, the most sensible thing is to go to your gynecologist immediately, because it could be a complication.
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Kathie Sand always saw the world of beauty as the terrain on which to build her professional career, a goal that was clear to her when she was only 15 years old. Her great concern to expand knowledge led her to settle in Paris where she studied hand in hand with the best beauty professionals and with the most advanced techniques for skin care.