The symptoms of pregnancy in the first days, tend to go unnoticed by most women, since they are so subtle that only those who are very attentive to any changes in their body or seek to become pregnant can identify them. These signs are present long before the delay of menstruation.
These initial symptoms are a warning for future mothers, which prompts them to find a way to diagnose if they are pregnant, it can be through a pharmacy test or blood tests.
Importance of pregnancy symptoms for early diagnosis
It is essential that the woman has early knowledge of the pregnancy, since that way she can start prenatal control as soon as possible. Additionally, by being aware of your pregnancy in the first few weeks, you can make decisions that benefit the fetus .
Among the measures you can take are: control blood sugar, adjust food intake, consume iron and folic acid , check blood pressure, cure infections in time, eliminate the consumption of alcohol and other drugs that can be harmful to the body. baby during the first trimester of pregnancy.
Is it possible to have symptoms days after fertilization?
The initial symptoms of pregnancy usually appear three weeks after fertilization . However, there are cases where pregnancy gives signs only six days after conception. Although it is not usual, it is possible that the woman shows some signs and symptoms only in the first days of pregnancy.
Do all women have the same symptoms?
It is necessary that you bear in mind that the signs and symptoms of a pregnancy are different for each woman , even, the same mother could present different symptoms between two different pregnancies. Similarly, the strength, permanence and the times these signs appear can vary.
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What are the first symptoms to look out for?
- Vaginal bleeding.
- Abdominal cramps
- Delayed menstrual period.
- Increased breast size and breast pain.
- Changes in the appearance of the breasts.
- Nausea and Vomiting.
- Abdominal swelling
- Tiredness and excessive sleep.
- Increased urinary frequency.
- Food cravings
- Changes in the perception of flavors and smells.
- Aversion to strong aromas.
- Frequent expulsion of gases.
- Changes in mood states.
- Oily skin and the appearance of acne.
- Pain in the back.
- Vaginal flow.
- Weight gain.
We have developed this article so that you can identify the presence of these symptoms and to help you answer your questions if you still do not know if you are pregnant or not, however, it is recommended that you apply some test and visit your doctor is the most effective way to leave of doubts completely. Here we will present a description of these symptoms that you can compare with those you already present.
Signs and Symptoms of Pregnancy
Before starting to detail the signs and symptoms of pregnancy, you must remember that these signs can vary in each woman. Now let’s look at each of these symptoms in detail.
After fertilization of the ovum, the embryo implants in the walls of the uterus in 6 to 12 days, although it is rare. It is possible that this implantation causes a small uterine bleeding, which can be mistaken for the expected period.
The time when the bleeding stops corresponds to the days following the period , so some women often confuse this with the initial bleeding of menstruation. More than 20% of pregnant women have vaginal bleeding in the first three months of pregnancy.
Learn more about the subject with What is implantation? Differences between bleeding, menstruation and implantation
It is very common that at the beginning of pregnancy you feel some discomfort in the lower abdomen, the sensation of a swollen abdomen that resembles the symptoms before menstruation . This occurs because during gestation, the uterus undergoes changes periodically , one of which is an increase in size, which activates contractions at the level of the uterus that feel like colic.
As the months go by, these contractions become more frequent and are usually the way in which your body prepares for the moment when the uterus must fully contract during labor.
All the abdominal discomfort mixed with vaginal bleeding often mislead women into believing that they are menstruating when they are not, pregnancy cramps are less intense than menstruation cramps.
Delayed Menstrual Period
In the second month of pregnancy, delayed menstruation is common . However, not all women can easily identify this symptom. Women with irregular menstrual cycles may even have periods where they do not ovulate, the lack of menstruation for almost two months is very common.
As mentioned before, vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy is not uncommon and this means that the paralysis of menstruation is not identified earlier. It is good to clarify that the lack of menstruation can also be due to other factors such as: stress, infections, change of contraceptives, changes in weight, fatigue.
In the same way, the expectation for menstruation in case of not wanting to get pregnant but had unprotected sex, is also a factor that causes the delay of the menstrual period.
Check in this article Menstrual Cycle: Risks, Types, Delays and Home Remedies
Breast enlargement and breast pain
This is a very frequent sign in pregnant women during the second month of pregnancy, even in the first two weeks of gestation, the enlargement of the breasts can be appreciated and some women have indicated that their skin feels sensitive and with a sensation of inflammation. . What makes the friction between the breast and clothing or to the touch uncomfortable.
This is due to the stimulation of the mammary glands due to hormonal changes, this whole process is natural in the body in order to prepare it for the lactation period. In some women, these breast changes occur early; While in other cases these modifications are noticed after pregnancy and are breastfeeding.
Change in the appearance of the breasts
Between the second and third month it is common for there to be an increase in breast size and pain, the hormones that are generated during pregnancy change the appearance of the breasts. It is common to observe a darkening of the nipples and the appearance of some veins around the breast.
These changes last until the end of breastfeeding . Another modification in the appearance of the breasts is the appearance of Montgomery’s tubercles , which are usually small lumps that appear in the areola of the woman who is expecting her baby.
These tubercles correspond to small glands that generate natural lubricants for the areola and nipple. With the increase in the size of the breast, these tubercles become more visible.
Nausea and vomiting
A classic pregnancy symptom that appears between the 6th and 12th week. It should be noted that there are women who present these symptoms from week 4 or 5 of pregnancy. Typical symptom of the first three months of pregnancy and disappears by the fourth month. Cases of nausea so strong that the woman cannot eat have been seen.
Check out our article on Nausea: Treatments, symptoms, etc.
Almost at the end, in the last weeks of the first trimester of pregnancy it is very common for it to appear, particularly due to the increase in the hormone progesterone , which causes some bodies to work in such a way that when it comes to the intestine, it usually suffers the consequences, since that it is difficult for him to carry out his usual movements, which translates into a slow intestinal transit.
Suddenly your favorite pants do not fit you or even no longer fit, this is due to the expansion suffered by the uterus, which can cause a small portion of the inflamed abdomen to be noticed, this symptom is another of those that generates some type confusion between menstruation and pregnancy symptom.
Tiredness and excessive sleep
It is very common for pregnant women to feel very tired during their daily activities, this fatigue usually appears with a single week of pregnancy, if you have a very strong routine this fatigue could have you exhausted.
A change in sleep patterns is also generated , your body begins to ask you to rest more often than before, you go to bed earlier and it is difficult to get up in the morning.
Tiredness and sleep are due to hormonal changes that women go through, for these changes progesterone is responsible for acting on the central nervous system and the respiratory and circulatory system. It is a symptom at the beginning of the pregnancy that disappears in the second trimester, but it is always present at the end of the pregnancy when the baby is older.
Increased Urinary Frequency
In the seventh week of pregnancy, it can be observed in most women that they feel a greater urge to urinate more often than before, even happening in the middle of the night in the middle of the morning.
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Due to the low stimulation received by the change in hormonal load, the bladder stops emptying completely, then it occurs at the end of pregnancy the fetus is so large that it presses on the bladder reducing its fluid storage capacity, this translates into less volume to save and triggers the urge to urinate.
This symptom occurs from the beginning of pregnancy, 100% of pregnant women suffer from it, unfortunately until the end of pregnancy , it is important to note that any change in the color and smell of the urine could be due to a urinary infection.
Although this exaggerated desire for foods that you previously did not consume or did not consume in those quantities seems trite, it can turn a vegetarian into a hamburger meat addict.
On the other hand, just as the desires appear, the rejection of certain foods appears. For example, if you loved to eat a delicious Bolognese pasta, it is possible that during pregnancy the mere fact of naming it causes nausea.
Changes in the perception of tastes and smells
Apart from observing your cravings and rejection of food, in the second month of pregnancy it is possible that the sensation of the flavors is different , this is common in pregnant women. Sweeter sweets, much more intense flavors. There are even those who identify a metallic taste in their mouth.
Aversion to strong scents
Just as trying certain foods causes nausea or vomiting, the strong aroma or even a simple perfume can trigger unpleasant sensations. Odor hypersensitivity leads to some odors that passed without warning now you cannot bear. All this happens at the beginning of the second month of pregnancy.
Read the article we have on Transparent Flow in Pregnancy: Causes, Consequences, Symptoms and Cases
Another classic pregnancy symptom that appears due to the change in the hormonal composition of the body, these hormones generate changes in the functioning of the body that are what cause dizziness.
Among the causes of dizziness are hypotension, drop in blood sugar levels, anemia, increased respiratory rate, insufficient nutrition due to nausea and vomiting.
In the second and third months, due to the fact that hormones reduce the activity of some organs and tissues, a change is generated in the blood flow of the brain, which causes the headache. Added to this, factors such as stress and fatigue contribute to the increase in pain.
Frequent expulsion of gases
In some pregnant women , gas production in the intestine is increased , this symptom appears in the first weeks of pregnancy. It can be a bit embarrassing especially if you are locked in an office or in a room with another person who works with you. There is an increase in the need to burp and pass flatus.
Changes in moods
As seen in some movies, pregnant women may cry for an advertisement or small details generate a disproportionate reaction, all this thanks to variations in the levels of certain hormones in the body.
These variations in mood are very common , where the expectant mother goes from joy to crying in just a moment. There have been cases of pregnant women who quit their job.
Oily skin and the appearance of acne
The change in hormone levels can help the development of acne or worsen the acne that you have been presenting. Sex hormones have been shown to be associated with the change in acne production from mild to severe.
The weight of the baby that the woman has to carry in her belly is the main cause of low back pain in pregnancy. However, it happens that low back pain can appear during early pregnancy when the baby still does not weigh anything. Progesterone relaxes muscle tissue and ligaments in various areas of the body, including the back and abdomen, which makes the pregnant woman have to change her posture.
Changes in the presence or intensity of vaginal discharge are frequent symptoms of pregnancy, the discharge during pregnancy is the same as the physiological discharge, which is thick, whitish or transparent and odorless.
During pregnancy, the woman is expected to have an increase between 10 and 14 kilograms, during the entire gestation period, the highest peak of increase occurs in the last months, however, in the first trimester an increase of one is expected. kilogram.
Finally, we must emphasize that as the pregnancy progresses, other symptoms appear such as fluid retention that causes swollen feet, some women even claim that their hips widen and their legs become a little thicker.
Due to the changes in blood flow, the weight that the woman must carry during her pregnancy is very frequent to generate the appearance of cramps, especially in the legs and at night.
In other cases apart from abdominal cramps, dizziness and nausea, some women may suffer from heartburn or reflux, due to changes in food intake and hormonal changes.
Check out our article on 19 tips for a Healthy Eating
Differences between pregnancy symptoms and menstruation symptoms
As we have frequently mentioned, the symptoms of pregnancy go unnoticed , since they are often confused with the pre-menstrual discomfort to which you are accustomed. So it is very common to find cases of women who discover their pregnancy three or four months after fertilization.
One of the first differences that must be established is that vaginal bleeding is not menstruation , it is often confused with the menstrual period, but it is not the same type of bleeding. As the menstrual cycle progresses, the cells in the walls of the uterus reproduce, forming a thicker wall with more blood supply.
At that time the endometrium expands to receive the fertilized egg, if ovulation occurs but not fertilization, the expansion of the endometrium is removed and the uterine wall begins to disappear, part of the tissue that grew stops receiving blood flow and ends up being expelled .
So menstruation as such is not a hemorrhage, but it is the body’s way of eliminating excess uterine tissue. In pregnancy this wall is not removed because in fact the fetus would go with it and it would be an abortion. None of the bleeding that occurs in pregnancy can be called menstruation.
The characteristics of menstrual bleeding are different between each woman , for this reason there are some whose menstrual flow is small and of short time that are similar to the bleeding of the beginning of pregnancy, that is why there are women who bleed during the first months of pregnancy and they think they are on their menstrual period.
Do not forget to also read Yellow discharge during pregnancy: Causes, Consequences, Symptoms and Cases
Abdominal cramps, fluid retention, breast enlargement, mood swings, are signs and symptoms that can occur during early pregnancy as well as in the run-up to menstruation. The key is to see if the intensity and frequency of the symptoms are the same as what you are used to experiencing.
The way to distinguish is to compare the characteristics of the symptoms and signs , since the symptoms of pregnancy can be similar but not the same as those of menstruation. Observing the changes in your menstrual pattern is key to differentiate the symptoms between one and the other.
Recommendations to alleviate some of the symptoms of pregnancy
- To reduce fatigue in addition to improving your diet and avoiding the consumption of alcohol, cigarettes and other drugs, it is necessary that you feel as less exhausted as possible, to do this take a moment for a nap during the day and at work at rest, locate In a place where you can be comfortably, put your feet up to improve circulation.
- In the legs it is common for pregnant women to suffer cramps so it is good that you massage the area and walk a bit. In addition, you can consume foods that contain vitamin B and calcium.
- To relieve nausea and vomiting it is good that you try not to eat in large quantities, but in small portions 5 to 6 times a day, at the beginning of the day you can eat a soda cookie, avoid fats, consume cold liquids between meals meals and not with them.
- To avoid heartburn and reflux, avoid eating foods that are acidic, fatty or that are too heavy for digestion, in the same way avoid eating in large quantities, reduce portions.
- One symptom is excess saliva secretion , reaching two liters per day, you can place a piece of ice in your mouth to alleviate this symptom.
- Constipation is another symptom of pregnancy so we recommend eating foods with a good proportion of fiber such as cereals, it also includes vegetables, fruits, especially plums, figs and raisins. Take walks for half an hour daily.
- With weight changes and an increase in the size of the breasts and belly, it is normal that the excessive expansion of the skin and then the reduction due to the end of pregnancy generates the appearance of stretch marks, so we recommend that you keep the problem areas hydrated with a good anti-stretch mark cream.
Tips to cope with symptoms
You always have to take into account how each pregnancy is different, the symptoms and their duration can vary even in the same woman, however, over time little tips have been found that help with the most common symptoms, you can see them at continuation:
- The famous morning sickness is one of the most common symptoms and hated by women, usually felt in the morning, hence its name. However, they can also show up at any time of the day, ironic right?
Therefore, a widely used prevention trick is to eat an oatmeal cookie when getting up and another before sleeping, in this way a fiber-based settlement is created in the stomach that helps to counteract those annoying nausea.
- In case of vomiting, it is recommended to ingest a ginger tea , but this should be consulted with the attending physician before doing so.
Get more information about Ginger Tea: Contraindications, Side Effects, Properties and Uses
- Constipation is another common symptom, for it can be calmed in a healthy way by walking half an hour a day. However, in some cases women have unbearable swelling of the feet, which makes the task of walking very annoying. If that is what happens to you, eating cereals, plums or nuts can also help, since they stimulate and promote good digestion.
- Regardless of the size of the breasts , it is normal to feel some discomfort in them . To avoid this, the first thing you should do is stop wearing an underwire bra, as they cause more discomfort. Ice packs can also be placed to help the tendons relax and give peace of mind.
- If one of the symptoms is anxiety, eating three times a day, including the respective snacks, helps with that annoying feeling and also to avoid it.
- Drowsiness is another common symptom, and it can sometimes be counteracted by placing pillows on the bed in a way that supports the stomach, also preferably sleeping on the left side.
- If back pain is your torture, you can start putting compresses at a warm temperature on your back and see if this discomfort goes away. Also wear comfortable shoes, which are not high at all, since wearing high shoes aggravates this discomfort.
It is common knowledge that during pregnancy, women tend to be more susceptible to emotional changes, what some people may ignore is the sensitivity to a social interaction that almost all pregnant women develop.
This is because throughout the pregnancy a reinterpretation of the woman is generally experienced, which is normal to be reflected in the people with whom she is connected, as well as the attachments with certain people. In many cases, the woman may have some irritability with a specific individual, but at the same time creates an affection with him.
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Likewise, it is recommended that the pregnant woman make an internal analysis about her emotions, insecurities and the thoughts that she does not dare to accept, it is necessary that when accepting them she communicates with the people she considers important to her, that way she begins to create more links and can be supported by them.
One of the things that can cause the most stress during a pregnancy, are all the stories with negative endings about pregnant women and the moment of giving birth, the things that can go wrong, the high costs, and more. Therefore, it is recommended that the beings around them are inhibited from counting them, it is not exactly a support, since there is more emotional stability than that offered.
In the same way, it is necessary that the decisions made by the pregnant woman are respected and in case they are considered very far-fetched, they are submitted to discussion where both parties give their opinion; but it should definitely not be forced or imposed, as it can have negative results on the emotional situation of the expectant mother.
Emotional support is very important to be able to cope with the process in a healthy way, both physically and emotionally, the pregnant woman needs a calm and welcoming environment that helps her with her condition. Remember that at this stage many insecurities and concerns are generated about what is needed from the social environment, quite the opposite.
Sometimes the symptoms of pregnancy can wreak havoc, making the woman a little surly, however, she still needs the same affection, support and a firm hand in which to settle when she feels that she can no longer. This makes her feel more protected, pampered and gives her more security, without the need to feel annulled.
Kathie Sand always saw the world of beauty as the terrain on which to build her professional career, a goal that was clear to her when she was only 15 years old. Her great concern to expand knowledge led her to settle in Paris where she studied hand in hand with the best beauty professionals and with the most advanced techniques for skin care.