Acne: Types, Causes, Treatment, Diet & home remedies to remove acne?

Acne, that skin disease that most adolescents often struggle with and even those not very young can also suffer, it is quite unpleasant and unsightly for many , and there are multiple treatments that are recommended and tested daily with so as to end it and have healthy skin free of those lesions.

Certainly many suffer from acne, but in some cases it becomes chronic causing damage to the face, so it is recommended to see a doctor who can recommend an effective treatment to combat it. Many of the treatments are oral and others are topical, but the question is, what is the best option?

Whether it is natural treatments or dermatological creams and lotions, it is said that oral medications when it comes to ending acne are the most recommended .

A chronic acne must be treated many times with medications that are taken orally in conjunction with those of topical use depending on the degree of the disease, many think that oral or systemic medications are ideal because they work in the body of the person causing a species cleaning that helps improve the condition of the skin. The indicated doses will be those that the dermatologist in question deems necessary as the case may be.

There are different types of acne, there is the so-called cystic acne or nodular acne, this is the most serious of all, because people who suffer from it tend to suffer cysts and deep eruptions that not only cause physical damage to the skin but are also extremely painful . In addition to that the size compared to milder acne is higher.

This skin disease not only manifests itself on the face but also in other areas of the skin, such as the back and other areas. But it is important to know more about what this disease is about, what generates it and of course how it is fought.

More information related to this topic  Acne on the back, chest and shoulder: How to eliminate them, prevent them and causes

What is acne?

As we explained previously, acne is a skin disease, which causes lesions and inflammations in the form of pimples, pimples, reddish patches and even if it is chronic in cysts, all due to folliculitis which is nothing more than an infection of the follicular pores especially those of the skin that give rise to the formation of hair.

It commonly manifests itself in young adolescents, causing not only injuries on a physical level but also on a psychological level, since acne is aesthetically inappropriate and unflattering, especially for a young person.

Statistically it has been proven that 80% of adolescents suffer from acne, all this due to hormonal changes and bacteria that are on or within the skin. And it is that at this stage it is common to increase the activity of the sebaceous glands, bacteria, and dry sebum, these do not allow human sebum (a mixture of lipids produced and secreted by the sebaceous glands located in the dermis to flow correct way and consequently blackheads and other conditions appear.

However, although the statistics show such a result, it is necessary to bear in mind that there are different types of acne and it also affects adults and even babies, which are not as common cases as in adolescence, but they do occur.

Causes and symptoms of acne

The impediment or blockage in the pores of the skin, caused by the excessive secretion of sebum by the glands, hormonal changes either due to the adolescent stage, the menstrual period and even stress, medications that contain estrogens, steroids or Testosterone and sweating excessively are all influential agents for the appearance of acne.

More on the topic with  Acneic Skin: Treatments, Home Remedies, Necessary Care and Types of Acneic Skin

The lesions caused by acne are variants, as mentioned, they mostly appear on the face but also in other areas of the skin. Many think that a balanced diet can prevent the appearance of acne, but it is not really like that, since the disease can appear in the same way. Many women during their menstrual period or during pregnancy, tend to suffer from acne.

What evidence that one suffers from acne is precisely the lesions that appear in the form of comedo, cysts, obsessives, red patches, skin rashes, pimples, and bumps. These are characterized as follows:

  • They present comedones that are manifested in dark color by the keratin plus sebum. This comedo is asymptomatic, and it can be a closed comedo which forms under the skin with dead cells, bacteria and sebum; or an open comedo known as a blackhead. This acne is the mildest arguably.
  • They can also be abscesses , which are more advanced than a comedo, they become red and their size is greater, being a raised lump it can hurt a lot to the touch, these are the inflammation of a comedo.
  • Another form in which it manifests itself in acne is in the form of a nodule , which is a deep lesion much more painful than previous forms of acne, it is moderate because the inflammation occurs throughout the follicle and in the adjacent dermis. They are those that leave scars and give rise to abscesses that later drain their content of sebum, bacteria and dead cells.
  • The cysts are also a type of acne is considered a serious way, because they are a membranous bag is formed to abnormal tissues of the body, it hurts a lot and contains a liquid concentration, usually size depress sufferers, and if it is manipulated it will leave a very large scar.

Expand your interest on this topic with  Cystic or Nodular Acne: Causes, Symptoms and Best Treatments for each type

  • The macula and the scar are also consequences of acne, the first is a spot on the skin that has been caused by an alteration in pigmentation and the second is the consequence of acne in the form of pustules, nodules and cysts which can be of atrophic or hypertrophic type, depression and elevation of the skin respectively.

Acne levels

Acne levels vary according to the lesion that occurs on our skin, whether it is inflammatory or not. Acne acts on the skin by generating closed comedones or blackheads, or at an inflammatory level, abscess pustules and cysts, and these lesions are those that will identify how severe or not the acne is suffered.

Mild acne: it is more common and apparently easy to treat, characterized by comedones, pimples, blackheads. Treatment: Generally, the use of a topical lotion is recommended, which can be placed at least twice a day, this will depend on what the dermatologist determines.

Treatment : Generally, the use of a topical lotion is recommended, which can be placed at least twice a day, this will depend on what the dermatologist determines.

  • Moderate acne : this is characterized by the increase in comedones, pimples causing inflammatory and deep lesions.

Treatment: The use of a topical lotion or cream that contains benzoyl peroxide may be recommended, perhaps in more frequent doses, and in addition to this, doxycycline should be ingested, for a longer time than the previous one.

In the case of women, the use of anti-androgens is recommended, due to the fact that women have menstrual disorders and in some cases polycystic ovaries.

  • Severe acne It is characterized by presenting lesions that cause scars and more complex damage to the skin, all as a result of the removal of nodules, cysts and inflammations and major pain, this being so delicate it should be treated with the specialist.

Learn more about the topic with  Severe Acne: Treatments, Pathologies, Symptoms and Causes.

Treatment: Usually these specialists use Isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid), at a rate of 1mg / Kg weight / day, this comes from vitamin A that stops the secretion of sebum, it should be used only under medical supervision. Since it has undesirable effects, however it also has its benefits, and should not be used in case of pregnancy.

The best medical treatments for acne

Fortunately, there are medical treatments that combat this disease that affects more psychologically, especially adolescents and older women, because adult men sometimes do not even take good care of themselves, being careless makes this condition worse; But if you are a man, woman, or adolescent who wants to heal completely, go to your doctor and he will surely indicate some of the following pharmacological treatments:

Oral antibiotics

For a long time, the use of oral antibiotics have been decisive , as well as those for external use, reducing and killing the bacteria that cause acne and dissipating the inflammations caused in the skin.

In general, antibiotic treatments are used with high doses at the beginning of the treatments and depending on the evolution that one has in terms of improvement, the dose will be decreased, of course, these are used in cases of chronic or moderate acne and all should be prescribed by a specialized dermatologist.

Among the most common oral antibiotics prescribed for acne treatments are: Erythromycin, Tetracycline, Minocycline, Doxycycline, these are much more effective orally than through topical use, such as benzoyl peroxide, or the different treatments of use recommended external.

You will use oral antibiotics according to the progress in your recovery, depending on it, they will be used for less time and then you can only treat your acne through lotions or topical creams, but it is necessary to comply with these treatments to obtain better results in addition to the Antibiotic works from the inside out, attacking bacteria from the roots and cleansing the body.

Check in this article  Dermatix: Contraindications, Properties and Benefits

Oral contraceptives

Many will wonder why a contraceptive to treat acne in women, and is that they are unaware that these reduce the secretions of the glands, not all meet this advantage, among the most recommended are: Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Beyaz and Yaz, the which have been approved to fight acne.

However, many doctors agree that almost generally contraceptives can be used to treat acne, since according to their formula they will cause the same result, it is said that for women since it is precisely their menstrual cycle that generates so many changes hormonal agents that can cause acne.


In addition to contraceptives as an acne treatment, a drug called spironolactone is recommended, however this is more focused on the type of acne that women suffer from hormonal disorders. It is not recommended in men and should be taken with caution since it has side effects, its use should only be under medical prescription.


The former called Accutane, then its name changed but its use against acne is extremely powerful and effective, it turns out to be the best treatment indicated for severe acne, but as all the mentioned drugs are of delicate use, it works by reducing the sebaceous glands, and the amount of fat or oil on the skin.

This allows comedones and inflammations caused by acne to also be reduced, this drug should not be used in pregnant women for any reason , it would be an absolute risk since using it in condition could cause very serious defects in the fetus, it is a powerful drug and delicate.

Depending on your type of acne, your doctor will determine which is the appropriate medication or treatment, it is not advisable to use these treatments without medical advice, even to try it from known experiences, since we do not all have the same skin type or the same conditions. , a specialist will know which one corresponds.

Regarding this, we recommend reading  How do I know what type of skin I have at the fat level?

What are the home remedies to remove acne?

As in any disorder or disease, natural medicine will always be one more option, and highly recommended to treat any condition, acne is no exception because there are several natural and home remedies that can help you control it. Whether you are a teenager or an adult, anyone can get acne.

The causes are different, also the treatments and whenever our health is at stake we will look for all the alternatives to improve and disappear that terrible acne that does not look good at all and affects us physically and emotionally; so much so that stress is a generator of it. Next, we will see some natural treatments recommended even by the same dermatologists.

Steam to open pores

It turns out that acne appears as closed comedones, but according to dermatologist Adriana Aguilar, the next thing is that the comedones open, and from that our pores retain all kinds of dirt and bacteria that exist in the environment, causing more acne. This is why steam allows us to open the pores and clean them more deeply.


  • In a bowl you place boiled water, put your face on it and place a towel around your entire face so that you can absorb all the steam, since it is enclosed by the fact of having your face covered. You do this procedure for about 5 minutes, after which you rinse with warm water, then continue to rinse but this time with cold water and finally place a moisturizer. You can repeat the treatment 3 times a week.

 Clean with lemon

As has always been said, lemon is a fruit with multiple benefits, detoxification, cleansing and purifying, among other things, it is ideal if it is about ending bacteria, dirt, bad smell and grease and our skin does not escape its magical effects; The only thing you should keep in mind regarding its use is that you should apply it at night since, if you expose yourself to the sun, using it, you can cause spots on your skin.

Learn more about this topic with  Lemon for Acne: Problems, how to use it and what it does


  • You must squeeze the juice of a lemon into a cup, followed by moistening a cotton ball with said juice and apply to acne areas, finally rinse with warm water. This procedure can be done once a week and you should not forget that it should be done at night to avoid spots on the skin.

Egg mask with honey

Honey is another ingredient with multiple benefits, it is a natural antibiotic, and together with the egg it can be very useful when it comes to fighting acne and excess oil. Honey is an ingredient that cannot be missing from your pantry because there are multiple masks based on this natural ingredient.


  • You must liquefy the white of an egg to the point where it thickens, proceed to place a tablespoon of honey and mixes, apply this mixture on your face and let it rest for 20 minutes, rinse with warm water and apply a moisturizing cream, this process can do it once a week.

 Apply apple cider vinegar

This type of vinegar in particular has many properties that provide benefits to your skin, it is a powerful antibacterial and a great pH balancer fighting the bacteria that cause acne. You should only apply it to the face with a cotton ball as a toner and as a treatment. It is effective in curing acne, because it restores the acidity of the skin, it also eliminates bacteria, eliminates excess dirt, and grease is highly recommended.

Cinnamon and honey mask

Cinnamon has antimicrobial properties and is very astringent. If you have very sensitive skin it can cause irritation, you can test if it does not cause a reaction or allergy, putting a little mixture in an inconspicuous place a day before applying the mask, this mask is very useful especially for hormonal acne, to art of hiding spots and scars.

Learn more about  All Types of Honey: Its Contraindications and Benefits


  • 2 tablespoons of honey
  • Teaspoon cinnamon
  • Paper towels


You must prepare your face, rinsing it with water. Then you dry your face, and you join the two tablespoons of honey with a tablespoon of cinnamon, you must mix to create a paste, apply to the affected areas and leave it on for 10 or 15 minutes, then rinse and dry again, you can apply this mask two times a week for best results.

 Egg whites

The egg as a protein and also with a vitamin can be a good ingredient when it comes to attacking acne, since they regenerate your skin and effectively absorb excess oil on your face, you just have to beat 2 to 3 whites until creating foam, let it sit for a few minutes. Then you apply on the face, creating layers that you can place up to 4 times, letting it dry one by one before placing the other, this treatment is recommended only for 20 minutes and then you must rinse.


Papaya or milky, is a fruit that eliminates dead cells and excess fat, you only need the pulp of the papaya which you have to crush, leave on the face for 15 or 20 minutes and rinse, they will leave your face, soft and shiny and will also kill acne.

 Orange peel

The orange contains vitamin C which is very good when it comes to generating healthy cells; You must make a paste by crushing or crushing the orange peel, pour a little water to make it consistent and apply on the face for 20 or maximum 25 minutes, then rinse and that’s it.

 Strawberries and honey

Both are great for exfoliating the skin, you just have to make a cream with 3 strawberries, then add two tablespoons of honey, apply the mixture on the face for 20 minutes and finally rinse with warm water.

Know everything you need about   Strawberries: Contraindications, Benefits and Nutritional Information

 Banana peel

Everything in this fruit has its usefulness and is that after eating it you can give an effective use of the shells to treat acne, you just have to rub the skin on the face but gently, with circular movements, leaving it to act for 30 minutes and proceed to rinse .

 Aloe Gel

And that more properties than aloe, this is the plant with the most benefits for humans, you just have to apply the gel to the affected areas using a swab or a small cotton ball, then rinse and that’s it.

Sodium bicarbonate

Soda is a magnificent ingredient for your skin and for many things as it contains multiple benefits, you can use it as an exfoliant and also as a mask on the face, if you choose the first option you should only mix soda and water, leave it on your face for 20 minutes and remove with plenty of water. If you choose to exfoliate, you must massage your face with the mixture of water and soda for 5 minutes.


Garlic is very effective both internally and externally for the treatment of acne since it is a natural antibiotic, if you want to place it topically you only have to crush the garlic by extracting the garlic juice and mixing it with water, you must apply it on the affected areas and leave it for 10 minutes then remove with plenty of water, remember that the smell of garlic is really strong so you need to rinse your face very well.


Oatmeal is an excellent cereal when it comes to offering hydration and exfoliation to your face, you just have to mix the oatmeal in flakes with two tablespoons of honey, apply the mask for 20 or 25 minutes and remove with water, oatmeal is super effective no only to exfoliate and hydrate your skin if not to remove any impurities from the face because it is an excellent cleanser.

Find out more about this topic  Oats: Side Effects and Contraindications, Benefits and Main Uses

Sugar, the natural exfoliator par excellence

And what about sugar if it is a recommended ingredient par excellence for exfoliating. It is moisturizing, it contains glycolic acid that stimulates cell regeneration to give you a fresh skin, you just have to combine it with another ingredient and make your mask that will be super useful to reduce that annoying acne.


  • Sugar ½ cup
  • 2 tablespoons honey


In a small cup you combine both ingredients until you get a paste, then place on the skin and with circular massages on the skin you rotate for 5 minutes, then remove with plenty of water and you can place a moisturizer to complete your cleaning more completely .

Avocado and honey

The avocado or better known for much as the avocado contains multiple benefits, among which the natural oil of this fruit , full of vitamins, minerals and fatty acids that will favor you in having a healthy skin and healthy.

You just have to make sure that it is a little old so that you can crush it into a paste, then you can add a tablespoon of honey and put this mixture for 15 minutes, it is a very effective mask against acne.

Mint leaves

Choose very fresh mint leaves and try to avoid dried leaves, they probably do not have the same benefits as fresh ones and could burn the skin because they are concentrated. After selecting the best leaves, the crushed or crushed leaves and the paste that is created from that plus the juice, you place it on your face, for 5 or 10 minutes, then you must rinse with cold water, you will notice that it is like an astringent for your skin.

Discover more information about  Peppermint: Contraindications, Side Effects, Benefits and Uses

Potato cream

Being acne often moderate or chronic and leaving its traces on our face whether they are spots, scars or marks, the potato is our best ally when it comes to dissipating these, because it has a lightening effect, in addition to reducing spots, even dark circles It is refreshing, nourishes your skin and hydrates it, you just have to grate it and place it on your face, with gentle movements for 15 or 30 minutes, then you should rinse with warm water

Have you

Tea is a great antioxidant and especially green tea helps us to reduce inflammation of the skin and neutralizes the bacteria that cause acne, you can also use the tea bags that you already used in a time of 3 minutes, that should be warm, it is It is advisable to carry out this procedure at night and it is not necessary to rinse if you do not want it.

Balanced diet to eliminate acne

Many times it is not about food, but acne is manifested by hormonal problems, or stress and that does not depend on diet as such, however there is the opposite case and that is where a balanced and healthy diet is important counteract this condition.

Top 5 foods vs acne

  1. Vitamin A Beta-carotene . Prevents the excessive development of sebum or oil on the skin, the first causative agent of acne; among the foods with vitamin A content are: apples, asparagus, mango, melon, spinach, carrot; What are you waiting for? start consuming them.
  2. Omega 3 fatty acids. Useful for healthy skin, it turns out that they have a diluting effect on sebum, preventing pores from clogging. Among the foods that contain omegas fatty acids are almonds, fish, salmon, trout, wheat germ among others.

Discover more about the content of this topic in  Omega-3, 6 and 9 Fatty Acids to improve Health

3. Vitamin B6: this helps you keep hormone levels under control, since when they rise they cause you to produce more sebum and therefore the appearance of acne, vitamin B6 is very useful in cases of menstrual period, menopause, Foods with vitamin B6 are tuna, potato, chicken, avocado rice and banana.

4. This contributes to the immune system, reduces inflammation and helps balance hormones, chicken, crab oysters, lamb, turkey and wheat are some of the foods that contain zinc.

5. You should try to eat a diet that includes 5 or more servings of fresh vegetables and fruits and at least 1 citrus, so you will be providing your skin and body with abundant and natural vitamins.

General recommendations for acne

Part of external skin care is precisely to have good hygiene, since both in the morning and at night you should try to clean, hydrate and tone your skin, eliminating any kind of residue and avoiding bacteria that can cause acne.

Use specific moisturizing treatments. Depending on your type of acne, your dermatologist will recommend the best treatment for topical use that favors you instead of making it worse since many are medicated and use treatments that instead of improving, irritate them and cause them to dry out. We must be careful when it comes to place these treatments and follow the instructions to the letter of the dermatologist, some even increase the sensitivity of the sun’s rays and the use of sunscreen is recommended but with great care because many have fat content.

Other products help you dry out acne, but their effect, whether for topical or oral use, is so much that they leave the skin too dry, it is important to use moisturizers for these cases, not only on the face, but also on the lips.

Enter and read this important article  Do you have Dry and Sensitive Skin? Learn the Causes and Treat it!

Avoid at all costs the temptation to scratch, squeeze or mistreat your pimples and acne lesions, otherwise the infection will continue and spread and worse still, marks, spots and make the situation worse, do not do it!

Visit your dermatologist who is the specialist especially in case of pain, he will know what to recommend and what is the most appropriate. It may be a hormonal problem and in that case he will send you for tests and your treatment will probably be based on antibiotics. The treatment time is determined by the severity of your acne.

In the case of women, they should remove their makeup, and maintain it with the correct hygiene since this can also cause acne, many times the ladies blow the spots or spots that they will later use on their face without knowing the amount of bacteria they are leaving behind. blowing these utensils. Take care of your face and keep your makeup neat.

Change your pillowcase constantly, the sweat on your face and then contact with the fabric can cause the bacteria that cause acne to appear, hygiene is definitely essential in this regard and it is up to you to make this annoying acne disappear, good hygiene, plus a treatment that is carried out carefully and disciplined, added to a good diet, will make your face recover soon.


If you have acne and conventional treatments that didn’t work for you, how about trying more natural alternatives? There are many options that do not involve industrial (and expensive) products and that can actually be very effective.

For more inf

What is acne?

The acne is a chronic disease of the sebaceous glands of the skin , leading to the development of comedones, also known as pimples .

Almost all teens have an occasional breakout of acne in their lifetime, and about 40% of teens have severe cystic acne. Even people in their 30s and older can be affected. If acne is left untreated it can leave physical and emotional scars that will need treatments to remove the blemishes and scars .

During puberty, hormones activate the sebaceous glands to grow and produce more sebum (oil). This excess oil can cause your pores to get clogged. A type of bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes, which normally lives on the skin, breaks down into clogged pores and begins to grow, creating inflammation and irritation . The result is an inflamed follicle, where a pimple develops that impairs the beauty of the skin.

General precautions against acne

  • Eat a healthy diet , including plenty of fiber, healthy fats , and water. The essential fatty acids (such as omega 3) reduce inflammation and regenerate skin cells damaged.
  • Include foods with vitamins E and C : Vitamin E is essential for healthy skin and can help prevent scarring. The Vitamin C helps repair the skin and improves the production of collagen and hyaluronic acid to enhance healing .
  • Keep the skin clean and not dirty it to avoid scars and marks or stains on them.
  • Use vitamin A and supplements that contain zinc . Vitamin A is essential for skin health, regulates sebum and keratin production . Zinc promotes tissue healing, balances hormones and reduces inflammation.

Natural treatments for acne

Melaleuca ( Tea Tree ) essential oil

It is a natural antiseptic and antibiotic. Studies found that this substance is as effective as benzol peroxide (very common in cosmetics), but in turn it is much better tolerated by the skin. The Tea Tree is one of the most versatile medicinal extracts and famous for its high – efficient and efficient ability to fight acne formation on the face, control the oiliness of oily skin and promote deep hydration. We leave you more information about the essential oil of melaleuca .

Raspberries, Melon and Apple

An excellent natural treatment for acne is to take 1 natural juice with raspberries, melon and apples every day. Raspberry is rich in zinc, which is an essential mineral for removing blackheads and pimples.

Zinc works by restoring hormonal balance and thus controls the activity of the sebaceous glands. The melon helps in the detoxification of the blood, ridding it of impurities. This juice should be taken daily as its effects are noticeable in the long term.

Even so, with the price of raspberries and their temporality, we must know if we can afford it or we are in season , but it will always be better than a very aggressive treatment with the skin.

See more recipes and knowledge about fruit juices that we show you.

Sandalwood and Rose Water

Mix sandalwood and a few drops of rose water to make a paste, then it can be used as a face mask or applied directly to the scar region. We let the mixture act for a minimum of 1 hour and if possible, leave it on the skin overnight . After time we must clean the area with plenty of cold water.

This is the most effective method for treating acne scars , due to the soothing and cooling effect of sandalwood skin.

Olive oil

Everyone knows that olive oil is very healthy , but in addition to cooking, it has moisturizing and smoothing properties on the appearance of acne scars. The way of use is very simple: massage the area with the scars with olive oil. More information about olive oil.


Honey is an excellent natural moisturizer that helps treat acne scars. Honey can be used as a mask or ingesting a special formula based on honey for the treatment of scars, in the latter case, be careful with the other components that make it up. More information on honey.

Tomato and Cucumber

An excellent and very popular acne scar treatment method is the use of a tomato and cucumber mask. Cover your face with this mask. These two ingredients combined can greatly smooth the appearance of acne scars. The tomato and cucumber mask also closes the pores of the skin , giving it a more homogeneous appearance. More information about cucumber.

Lavender Essential Oil

Lavender oil is the star of essential oils in aromatherapy . To use it, we must soak a cotton ball with a few drops of this essential oil and apply it on acne scars at least 2 times a day . The results will not take long to be noticed. Check all the information about lavender oil.

If when looking for it in your herbalist you cannot find it or it is very expensive, try this seller through amazon .


Egg is a cheap and effective ingredient for treating acne scars . We must soak a cotton ball with the egg white and go over the acne scars. Let it rest overnight, the next day wash the area very well with cold water. If you still have doubts, check out what Eggs do: 9 Reasons to include this Superfood in your diet !!!

Green Clay

The green clay is rich in minerals such as zinc, iron oxide, magnesium , calcium and potassium. It is considered a natural exfoliator that increases the brightness of the skin and reduces blemishes.

Clay helps fight excess oil, acne, reduce edema and promote the mineral balance of the skin, it is also compatible with all types of skin that exist, be careful when buying it that there are several types and not all of them are useful. See how to take care of oily skin and enlarged pores

Here you have the one that should be used so as not to have any added problem on the skin.



Childhood can be one of the best times, just games, simple tasks, and easy things to do. But when you reach adolescence, many changes in the body begin , increase in certain areas, appearance of pubic hair, sweating, bad smells, among many others.

Among all the hormonal and physical changes that occur in the body, there is one that becomes the least desired, that does not appear to everyone, and that when it usually manifests, a long struggle and odyssey begins to be able to eliminate it from the skin. Considered one of the worst enemies teenagers can have, acne.

For a long time it has been hated by people, many times leaving large marks on the skin , a way to eradicate it has been sought, and although there are possible cures, it has always been somewhat difficult to end this skin problem that affects thousands of teens every day.

What is acne?

Acne is an inflammatory disease that appears on the skin, it involves the hair follicle and the sebaceous glands, it can appear by different blackheads, whiteheads, some pimples or cysts. This develops thanks to the hormonal change that occurs during adolescence, it is even considered a hereditary problem.

Normally acne appears in a mild form on the face , however if it is not treated in time it can begin to worsen until it becomes more and more serious.

The hair follicles have sebaceous glands within them, normally the sebaceous glands, produce sebum, which is a fat that is responsible for lubricating the hair and almost all the skin, always manufacturing the exact amount that the skin needs. However, when puberty begins, hormonal changes occur that can cause the amount of sebum to increase.

The increase in sebum causes the cells to become clogged and that is when the acne bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes are trapped inside the pores, and that is when they begin to reproduce, the onset of acne appearing on the skin.

We recommend reading the following for more information on  seborrheic acne

Why do I get acne?

Puberty aside, there are many other reasons why acne can appear or worsen on the skin. It will always depend on the habits that people may have, especially in adolescence where they are more prone to this problem appearing.

These are the main causes why acne can appear on the skin:

  1. Diet: It has long been thought that eating fatty foods or chocolate can cause acne to appear on the skin, this is more a myth than a reality. Although this story may not have anything real, an unbalanced diet can affect the body, causing it to have a lot of changes, including the appearance of pimples or acne.
  2. Hormones: this is the main cause why acne begins to appear on the face, these hormonal changes not only occur in adolescence, but also throughout the years when there are other types of changes in the body. For example, during the pregnancy stage, or with any disease that derives from this skin problem.
  3. Stress: although it seems a bit strange, suffering constant episodes of stress can cause the appearance of acne on the skin, they are a kind of trigger that causes all kinds of eruptions on the face, back and even the arms.
  4. Lack of hygiene: having very little care with the skin, it is one of the most common cases for which acne appears, when the pores are not cleaned from time to time, sebum can accumulate in them, causing all kinds of pimples to appear in the face. Regular exfoliation and gentle products according to the pH of the skin will be the best solution to combat this problem.
  5. Accumulation of bacteria: this problem derives from poor hygiene, touching your face a lot with dirty hands, being in all kinds of toxic environments, scratching the face, all this can cause the hands to transmit a lot to the face bacteria, affecting it completely .

If you want to know more about this topic, we recommend  Facial Hydration: Benefits, Tips and Homemade Recipes

Types of acne

Looking at it from the clinical point of view, there are certain types of acne that in turn are divided into different manifestations . These are the most common:

By type of injury

This type is classified by the type of acne that can manifest on the skin, and the severity of each of them.


This usually appears in seborrhea of ​​the skin, it is a very simple acne which is a hair follicle that is obstructed by dead cells or fat. It usually manifests as a reddish bump with a pimple-like outlet. Poor hygiene can easily lead to this type of acne.


Basically it is the inflammation of a comedo, causing a bump of a red color that can become very painful and tender. Scratching or squeezing it only makes the situation worse, and in case this increases it is termed as severe acne.


In this case it is a really intense papular acne, this over time evolves and in turn leaves a large number of cavities or scars on the skin, which can be irremediable to correct, it is usually the most destructive and annoying, always depending on the size of the lump.


It is based on very large comedones, they are really taken as abscesses that can have fistulas, which in most cases can communicate with each other through several cysts or nodules that become inflamed in the skin. You can usually have severe drainage that covers a large area of ​​the skin.


It is one of the most serious types of acne there is, it is a very serious lesion that is filled with pus and is full of bubbles. It is usually accompanied by many cysts.

If you want more information see Cystic or nodular acne


They are the scars that acne leaves, which acquire a thick texture forming keloids. Keloids is an overgrowth scar tissue on the skin. This usually manifests itself in adolescence or adulthood and is often caused by razor blades.


These are a very inflamed pimple, they have a great resemblance to white dots, with the difference that they are surrounded by a red circle. They usually have a large amount of pus inside, it is recommended that they do not touch because they can cause keloids.


They are really big bumps, these can only be treated by a dermatologist, as they are found in the deepest part of the skin.


This in particular is the most serious type of acne there is, and it is based on a large bacterial infection, which appears due to poor treatment of pustules or cysts, to the point of having to be treated with antibiotics.

By period of appearance

Just as acne appears due to poor hygiene, stress, or bacteria, there are certain periods of time that cause it to appear , depending on the age of the person. Here are some types of acne that appear based on your period:


This is an acne that usually appears in newborns or failing that up to 4 weeks of age. It is characterized by being a redness with inflammation, with small papules or pustules. They usually appear during the first 72 hours after being born and it is due to a high production of androgens.


It occurs from the first month of birth until the year of birth, it is usually a mild comedo in the area of ​​the face, in the same way with a slight inflammation and redness in the area.

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In this type of acne, a comedo acne can be observed, unlike the newborn and usually occurs between the first year, up to 8 and a half years of age. Many times it is attached as a manifestation of a possible endocrine problem.


This acne usually occurs in the T zone which is known to the forehead, chin and nose, it appears in children between 9 and 11 years of age, a little comedo acne appears on this area, with some redness and a little mild pimples.


These lesions can appear a few days before menstruation, and appear due to the changes or hormonal alterations that this period produces. In the same way, it can be removed a few days after menstruation ends.


This type of acne is the most common among adults, there are usually several slightly red marks similar to a rash, accompanied by a large number of pimples, spots and postula. It can usually be seen more in women than in men and usually appears after three years.

Other types of acne

There are other types of acne that do not fall into the previous categories , but they do not lose the level of importance and severity. These are other types of acne that should be considered:


It is a severe type of acne, which usually occurs in places with a very humid or extremely hot climate. It begins suddenly and increases rapidly and very severely, with inflamed lesions filled with pustules. They commonly leave a large number of scars, appearing on the neck, back, chest, face, and buttocks.

We suggest reading this article about  Acne on the back, chest and shoulder: How to eliminate them, prevent them and causes


This is formed by contact with the skin, whether voluntary or involuntary. Everything goes through substances that help the formation of a comedo acne. This acne in turn is divided into two categories:


Many products that are based on topical applications can cause this acne. Appearing all kinds of acne lesions comedo, papules and pustules. Many of the products that can cause this type of acne can be petroleum jelly, coaltar or cocoa butter.


It is an acne normally produced by handling or inhaling aromatic hydrocarbons. It usually manifests with many open cysts and comedones. It usually affects the face, genitals, and neck. In the same way, it can appear from mineral oils, such as lubricants or coolants.


It normally originates as a side effect of the use of certain drugs, a clear example of this is the use of corticosteroids, androgens, bromides and oral contraceptives.


The most common cause of acne is overproduction of the sebaceous glands , caused by the action of androgens and testosterone hormones.

There are also cases of proliferation of bacteria found in the hair follicle (inner region of the skin around the hair). These bacteria convert the triglycerides in sebum into fatty acids that irritate the wall of the follicle.

On other occasions, it is an overproduction of keratin or excess sebum in the hair follicle that causes the follicular orifice to become obstructed.

In addition, acne can be caused by genetic predisposition , the manifestations of which will depend on the presence of sex hormones.

Blackhead prevention


To avoid the appearance of pimples it is essential to control the oiliness of the skin . The simplest and most efficient control of excess oil is through proper hygiene, check this article for cleaning the skin.

Today, many types of soaps, disinfectants, and astringent lotions are available to properly treat pimpled skin.


The exfoliation is very important to clean the clogged pores . The scrub contains salicylic acid and glycolic acid that promote the peeling of the upper layer of the skin. This prevents the accumulation of dead cells and natural oils that contribute to clogging the pores.

Homemade tips to treat pimples

The home treatment for pimples and blackheads consists of:

  • Avoid sweet, fried foods and alcohol. Being difficult to digest, they have consequences on the skin.
  • Eat a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids , zinc, and antioxidants. Eating salmon, sunflower seeds, fruits, and vegetables helps reduce skin inflammation.
  • Wash the skin daily with running water and pat dry. If you have doubts, look at our tips and products to wash your face and it is PERFECT.
  • Apply a clay and honey or rice mask once a week.

On the other hand, it is important not to abuse makeup, because it clogs the pores and this causes fat to accumulate, favoring the appearance of pimples, especially when there are internal pimples.

If you need more information about natural treatments for acne, visit this article.

Treatments for pimples

With medications

The treatment of acne can be done with medicines for local use, designed to unblock the follicles and control bacterial proliferation and greasiness.

Oral drugs can also be used, depending on the severity of the situation. Antibiotics are usually used to control the infection.

With hormonal treatment

In women, extremely effective acne treatment is the use of the contraceptive pill that combines estrogen and progesterone.

Extreme cases

The most complete and therefore most effective treatment is the one determined by a dermatologist, since there will always be cases in which side effects occur. A specialist doctor should be consulted to choose which treatment to use, especially when more than one treatment is used at the same time.

Home treatment for pimples

This home treatment can be applied in all cases and consists of:

Step 1 – Cleaning the skin: you should always start with a good cleaning of the skin since it is the excess of accumulated fat that causes the appearance of pimples. For a good cleaning it is required:

  • Wash your face every day with a soap suitable for acne skin;
  • Apply an astringent facial toner ;
  • Apply a specialized lotion;
  • Exfoliate 1 or 2 times a month.

Soaps, toners, lotions, and creams can be purchased at the pharmacy, grocery store, or online. However, some home remedies can also be made at home, such as a burdock root solution .

Step 2 – Food: it is necessary to avoid foods high in fat and sugar, since they favor the production of sebum. You must include in the diet:

  • Fish, chia seeds and nuts rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which help control inflammation of the sebaceous follicles.
  • Oysters and sunflower seeds have significant amounts of zinc to reduce inflammation, improve healing, and decrease oil secretion through the skin.
  • Fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidants decrease skin inflammation and help the body fight infections and free radicals.
  • It is also important to drink at least 1.5 liters of water a day to keep the skin hydrated.

Burdock tea remedy

A good home remedy for pimples is to apply burdock tea on the skin as this medicinal plant improves the function of the sebaceous glands and has antiseptic properties that help to cleanse the skin properly.


  • 2 tablespoons fresh or dried burdock root
  • 500 ml of cold water


Place the burdock root cut into small pieces in the cold water and let it steep for 6 hours. Place on the fire and boil for 1 minute, counted from the moment the water begins to boil.

Apply the filtered or strained liquid to the affected area 2 or 3 times a day. It can also be applied directly with a cotton ball on the inflamed follicle. Also, have a cup of this tea 2 times a day.

Foods that reduce pimples

Foods to reduce pimples are mainly those high in omega-3 fatty acids , such as salmon, which help reduce skin inflammation, and foods rich in zinc, such as walnuts, which help reduce fat on the skin and promote its healing.

It is also essential to drink an average of 1.5 liters of water a day to hydrate the skin and speed up the healing process.

Some examples of foods to reduce pimples are:

On the other hand, cocoa (pure) and shellfish are also good options because they have an antibiotic action and increase resistance to bacterial infections, which lead to the appearance of grains.

Read about the pimples and more: Armpit and Groin pimple: How to avoid and treatments

Foods that cause pimples

The foods that cause pimples are mainly fatty foods such as processed chocolate , fatty meats, fried foods, hot dogs, milk, and other dairy products .

When the diet is very greasy, the sebaceous glands produce more sebum and the pores tend to clog more easily. Therefore, during the treatment of acne and the use of specific cosmetics, it is important that the diet is based on fruits and vegetables and enough water is consumed, to eliminate toxins from the body.

What not to do

Only qualified dermatologists can squeeze / pop pimples or perform any other direct treatment on the skin. Removing pimples causes irritation and can transmit the infection to the lower layers of the skin, causing permanent scarring.

Homemade recipes to remove pimples

Carrot and apple juice for pimples

An excellent home treatment is to take a carrot and apple juice once a day as it is rich in anti-inflammatory properties that prevent inflammation of the follicles and help eliminate toxins in the blood. See the recipe:


  • 2 carrots
  • 2 apples
  • 1/2 cup of water


Peel the carrots and apples and mix in the blender with the water. Sweeten with honey or sugar to taste and then drink. It is recommended to consume it once a day or at least three times a week, at any time.

Apple juice to reduce pimples

This juice with apple, lemon and cabbage helps reduce pimples since apple and cabbage have anti-inflammatory components and lemon is a powerful antioxidant that helps eliminate toxins from the body and leaves the skin more beautiful and healthy.


  • 1 large cabbage leaf
  • 3 green apples
  • Pure juice of 2 lemons
  • Honey or sugar to taste


Beat all the ingredients in a blender and then drink. Take this juice daily or at least three times a week.

Consuming these juices daily purifies the body from the inside out, which is essential when it comes to improving acne. However, it is important to follow the basic guidelines, which we mentioned above, for treating pimples, which consist of:

  • Wash your face once a day with an acetylsalicylic acid-based soap;
  • Moisturize the skin with a gel-like cream suitable for acne skin;
  • Do not squeeze the pimples from the skin to avoid blemishes or scars.

Pimple Products

We leave you a selection of the best anti-acne, scrubs and masks that you can buy online.

  • X-ZIT Acne Treatment Cream Anti-Acne Lotion for Teens and Adults – Natural Blackhead Control – No Benzoyl Peroxide (59ml)
  • Natural mask Eliminates blackheads and blemishes.
    Rich in clay minerals Mask for oily skin, clogged pores, acne and Eczema treatment. Spa Treatments For flaky and dry skin – Powder 250ml
  • bleumarine Bretania Absorbent Mask Anti Blackheads Oily and Acneic Skin with Dead Sea Mud and Neroli Essential Oil (Orange Blossom) Dead Sea Mud
    Mask – Facial Cleanser, Pore Reducer and Anti Shine – 100% Natural Remedy for Oily Skin, Acne- peel off powder – no need to rinse with water – 200 g / 10 treatments.
  • Bentonite and clay face mask
    To combat acne, blackheads and small veins on the face or body | Reduces pimples, blemishes and pores | Skin Care to Remove Wrinkles, Age Spots, Fine Lines and Signs of Age | Cleansing moisturizer for dry or oily skin | For baths with natural mud for the detoxification of feet, hair and hands
  • LuckyFine 1Pcs Blackhead Remover Cleanser Deep Cleaning
    Facial Mask Skin Collagen Anti Acne Point Black Mud Purifying Peel Off Cleaning 50ml Pore
  • Ecological Absorbent Mask with Red Clay. 200g
    Eliminate blackheads and pimples Acne Great absorbent and healing power. Astringents (close the pores).
  • Emoonland 5pcs Blackhead
    Remover Tools BEST Extractor with Metal Treatment Case for Stains, Whitehead Popping, Zit Extraction – 100% Hygienic, Safe Skin

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