A facial cleansing is a cosmetic procedure , performed by a specialist in cosmetic offices or clinics, which aims to remove blackheads and impurities from the skin . This cleanse also removes millium, small bulging cysts caused by oil and skin build-up in the pores.
What is a skin cleansing for?
Cleaning the skin is indicated mainly for the removal of open blackheads (blackheads) or closed (whiteheads) and the removal of millium. It also works to remove dead cells and keep skin soft and healthy. All skin types do very well with this procedure , as a well-done cleansing helps balance dry, normal, oily, and combination skin. Although it is common to perform it on the face, it is possible to carry out the procedure on any other part of the body, such as the neck and back.
Are you interested? Learn the basics of skin cleansing
Every day, our skin is exposed to pollution, dust, wind and sun, little by little it will lose its natural moisture and begin to show signs of premature aging . So to keep it beautiful and well-treated, one of the basic care for the face, neck or back is cleaning.
Blackheads, whiteheads and sebum balls are the result of impurities produced by the sebaceous glands that the dermis was unable to expel . Only a good cleaning on the face recovers its shine and viscosity.
Cleaning your facial skin is simple, but it is recommended that you follow the steps according to your skin type, each problem must be treated with different combinations.
Any more intense cleaning should be done in a trusted cosmetic clinic . If you don’t know an esthetician, look in your city guides or ask your dermatologist or someone you know for a recommendation. Find out the origin of the aesthetic clinic you go to, certain skin cleanings, if not done correctly, can make your situation even worse , so it is always good that you know if the beauty clinic is very reliable.
How to do a good skin cleansing?
The vast majority of facials follow a step-by-step with well-defined instructions, ranging from cleansing the skin to applying sunscreen. Generally, the person lies on a table to clean the skin and wears eye protection, which may be cotton. The session lasts an average of one hour. One thing that could help us before proceeding with a skin cleansing is to use a chemical-free shower gel, such as Dalire’s gel , which does not have sulfates and will allow us to have a healthier skin. Read more information about all the phases of the procedure:
The skin is cleansed with degreasing cleansing lotions , whose action varies depending on the type of skin. The goal is to remove makeup, cosmetics, impurities, oils, and contamination from the skin.
The application of specific products with an abrasive effect is done to thin the horny layer, the outermost layer of the skin , facilitating the removal of blackheads and acne. The microexfoliation of the skin of the face, neck and chest is delicate, with gentle circular movements.
This is the longest stage of cleansing the skin. It can last up to 30 minutes or more, depending on the condition of the skin. After exfoliation, the skin is steamed with ozone , which aims to open the pores and soften the skin, which facilitates the always manual and careful drainage of blackheads , whiteheads and millium (colored balls). yellow with sebum inside). The exposure time to ozone vapor is not more than five minutes, since, although ozone is an excellent bactericide and fungicide, its excess can lead to toxic effects if inhaled for a long time, especially in pregnant women.
After this time only steam is applied, for 10 minutes, to the skin covered by a thin layer of cotton wool soaked with emollient. Removal of blackheads and milliums must be done with proper handling techniques . The professional never tightens the skin directly, but always uses a medical gauze for the extraction avoiding damage to the skin and also helps reduce pain.
The milliums are removed with the help of a microneedle , since it is necessary to break the cone that covers the cyst to expel the internal ball of sebum. It is not recommended for removing pimples as this can scar the skin and lead to more inflammation. Also, the procedure should not be painful. The extraction should be done carefully and slowly so that the patient feels comfortable.
For more sensitive patients, topical anesthesia can be used in advance, but is usually not necessary. After the extraction, a high-frequency device is used to heal and act as an anti-inflammatory on the points of the skin that suffered micro-injuries.
In this phase there will be a massage with gentle and methodical maneuvers for therapeutic or aesthetic purposes , which help the application of moisturizing and soothing substances. To reduce redness, common after cleansing, you can also apply compresses with soothing lotions and hot springs.
It is the final skin cleansing procedure and lasts 10 to 20 minutes. The choice of the mask will depend on the type of skin. Gentle masks, based on azulene and menthol, are generally chosen.
The application of sunscreen is part of the last stage of cleansing the skin . It is applied in the form of a gel or lotion to avoid clogging the pores , always with a protection factor equal to or greater than 30 SPF, to ensure that the skin is protected against the harmful effects of sunlight, such as blemishes. After cleansing, the skin will be sensitive, so it will also help prevent burns. Pay attention: the products used for cleaning the skin must be of good origin, whether national or imported, and used within the validity period so that there is no risk of causing allergies and irritations. Acid-based or hormonal-based products may only be used with the direction and supervision of a dermatologist.
Frequency of skin cleansing
The time between one cleansing and another will largely depend on your skin type. On normal to dry skin it can be done every two months. The combination and oily skin with black heads, require greater care, so it is best to do a monthly skin cleansing and use appropriate cosmetics for each case . People with a very intense degree of acne should always have the supervision of a dermatologist for a better result.
If you have acne problems, see our natural recipes to remove it.
Contraindications of skin cleansing
Contrary to what many think, cleaning is contraindicated to remove pimples , since it can leave scars and generate more inflammation, aggravating the problem. It is also not recommended for very sensitive skin , which blushes easily, burns very quickly in the sun, flakes and develops allergies and irritations easily.
Cleaning tanned skin is not recommended . After prolonged exposure to the sun, melanin (the substance responsible for darkening the skin) is at full capacity, therefore, contact with any aggressive substance can cause the appearance of spots that will be even more evident when it “fades” the color cinnamon. Cosmetics that have acids in their composition are also prohibited during this period, as the skin is too sensitive and can cause blemishes.
Skin care after cleansing
The skin takes approximately 48 hours to recover after a skin cleansing, so you must be careful in this period with what you apply and the exposure you have on the skin.
All cleaning procedures, particularly the removal of impurities, tend to sensitize and irritate the skin. Millium removal may even form scabs, because the skin will suffer micro-cuts.
48 hour cure
Healing after the procedure occurs within two days. The products to clarify, with acidic bases or topical with hormonal components must be prescribed by doctors and the patient must be instructed regarding their use. You can use products with soothing properties, such as hot water, and makeup is also allowed.
Necessary daily care
Daily care is essential for beautiful skin and maintaining cleansing results. Your basic care kit should consist of a good day and night cleansing gel, toner and moisturizer to prevent aging. You can use a scrub once or twice a week to renew your skin. But beware: the use of scrubs is allowed only seven days after the skin cleansing application .
Ideally, you should stay 48 hours without exposing yourself to the sun . Also, it is essential that you apply sunscreen with at least 30 SPF.
The use of cosmetics and makeup
The use of acidic components should be avoided immediately after cleansing if you have very sensitive and red skin. The same recommendation applies to oily creams, which can clog your pores. You can use makeup normally.
Only professionals can perform a skin cleansing
In cleaning acne skin, the specialist must have the ability, know the technique and redouble their attention, and the association with the dermatologist is extremely important for the success of the treatment. To perform this procedure, the doctor must know the anatomy and physiology of the skin, make a detailed evaluation to establish the type of skin and determine the cosmetics and active ingredients that can be used.
As for the esthetician , it is extremely important that she masters the extraction technique and recognizes what can and should be managed in relation to skin lesions and how to apply cosmetics. Given these conditions, the patient’s skin can be treated with the necessary safety, putting an end to the myth that cleaning damages the skin and causes scars.
If you want more information, know some techniques for removing blemishes on acne skin here.
Common responses from a dermatologist
A dermatologist tells us some questions that have become common in his office and remain on the agenda for men and women seeking professional help before having a cleaning. Read them below:
Should everyone get a skin cleanse?
No . Patients with skin full of yellowish pimples should avoid the procedure . In this situation, the infection can spread and treatment, rather than helping, will endanger the health of the skin. In these situations it is better to treat with the dermatologist, wait for the pimples to disappear, and then you can proceed to include cleaning in the routine.
Can I cleanse myself when I am tanned?
It is not recommended . After prolonged exposure to the sun, melanin (the substance responsible for darkening the skin) is in full swing. Therefore, contact with any aggressive substance can cause the appearance of spots that will be even more evident when the tan fades.
After cleaning, am I allowed to sunbathe?
In excess, no . When leaving the clinic, 48 hours without sun exposure is recommended, in addition to applying sunscreen. Cosmetics with acids in their composition are also prohibited. During this period the skin is too sensitive and can cause blemishes. The same recommendation applies to oily creams, which can clog pores.
Can pregnant women clean their skin?
Unless the pregnant woman already has the habit included in her routine, it is better to avoid it . But the explanation for this has an emotional background: doctors prefer to protect the pregnant patient from any treatment that could cause pain or stress, so we teach you tips and products to wash the face and be PERFECT .
Can the appearance of blackheads be prevented?
Avoiding blackheads that insist on marking your face is almost impossible . After all, you can’t stop your skin’s natural oils, let alone protect it from contamination, the two factors that trigger the appearance of blackheads. But that is no reason to spend all your time with the affected face. Some home care is a substitute for cleaning the skin and is sufficient to remove stitches, even in the long term.
Tonics and astringents are products that offer excellent results, as well as deep-acting soaps. Just be careful not to use products that are not suitable for your skin type., can overly dry the face, causing the body to produce more sebum and thus favoring the appearance of blackheads and pimples. For women, not removing makeup before going to sleep is also fatal: cosmetics clog pores, causing blackheads to quickly develop.
Peeling or cleansing the skin?
The peeling is a method that can be used to treat acne and control skin oiliness, but is completely different from the skin cleansing .
Chemical peeling is the topical application of certain chemical substances capable of causing reactions that range from mild peeling of the skin to its elimination in different degrees, this implies the birth of new skin. In these procedures, different types of acids can be used according to the desired result. The peeling must be carried out by a doctor. Only the specialist is able to choose the best product, in the right concentration, and also to master the side effects that may be involved.Even in the case of superficial peels it is important to evaluate the responsiveness and healing of the skin, beyond the cost-benefit ratios of the procedure.
Kathie Sand always saw the world of beauty as the terrain on which to build her professional career, a goal that was clear to her when she was only 15 years old. Her great concern to expand knowledge led her to settle in Paris where she studied hand in hand with the best beauty professionals and with the most advanced techniques for skin care.