Being a citrus fruit and rich in vitamins, it offers benefits and properties to the body that serve our diet, reduces cholesterol and is an excellent antioxidant. Protects the body from cancer and infection.
Learn more about the properties of the mandarin below in our article.
What is mandarin?
The mandarin comes from the mandarin tree that is from the small and delicate Rutáceas family, which consists of about twenty species of edible fruits which contain vitamin C, oils and flavonoids. These fruits have quantities of vesicles in their fruits which contain juices.
The mandarin is similar to the orange for its size, flavor and aroma, and it is also easy to remove the skin.
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Origin of the mandarin
Of Asian origin, mandarins have been cultivated in different countries, China introduced them to Europe in the 19th century, Sir Abraham Hume took them to England in 1805 and then today producers such as Spain, Argentina, Israel, Mexico, Algeria, etc. It is believed that its name comes from the color of the costumes of the mandarins who were rulers of ancient China who were the highest authorities.
History of the mandarin
In 1828 the fruit was seen for the first time in the Mediterranean Sea, the mandarin was considered from the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century as a Christmas symbol since it was the arrival of the fruit from the orchards.
They are orange in color but paler than their sister oranges. Their nickname was so funny for comparing them with the clothing of the mandarins that it did not take long for it to become their official name.
Currently in the Valencian community, up to 90% of the mandarin is produced.
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Characteristics of the mandarin
Being from an evergreen tree which reaches 3m in height, it obtains a yellow or orange color with a sweet or in some cases bitter pulp, these fruits are usually globular and bloom in winter but the fruits themselves ripen in spring. If they are very heavy, it means that they are very juicy.
The color is not indicative that they are already ripe, you have to look at their smell, if it is very intense, it means that it is well ripe. They are harvested before they have matured so that they do not lose their acidity or juice. They keep in the fridge for 10 to 15 days and cannot be eaten when they are very soft. Contains bioflavonoid substances that serve as an antioxidant.
Scientific name of mandarin
It is commonly called mandarin, but also citrus reticulata, delicious, unshi, etc. Its fruits belong to hesperidia and the pulp contains a large number of segments that form it full of juice, these are those that contain vitamin C, flavonoids and a variety of essential oils. It is considered a fruit appreciated to taste.
Chemical composition of mandarin
Studies have found fat, protein, fiber, and even magnesium in the tangerine peel. Its concentrate contains zeaxanthin and lutein. The mandarin also has carotenoids. Besides that it has limonoids which contain beta-D-glucopyranoside of obacuma, limonin, a variety of limonoid glycosides.
Active ingredient of mandarin
In the essential oil, an active principle of flavonoids, coumarins, minerals and vitamins has been found, among which we can find vitamin C and E, this helps the growth of cells and tissues as well as the tone of the skin.
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The mandarin reaches a maximum development in subtropical areas since in this type of areas the productions are seasonal and it makes the fruit of good quality and fresh. It is resistant to cold, does not tolerate temperatures below 3 ° C, although it is very sensitive, it can become tolerant to drought, more than the orange tree. This type of temperature contains high levels of chlorophyll which makes it maintain a green color.
The soil must be permeable with a humid environment, both in the atmosphere and in the soil. A deep soil is recommended, as this guarantees an excellent anchoring of the tree, which guarantees proper growth and nutrition. It must be balanced with fine and thick elements, this facilitates the passage of water and aeration, which provides a state of adequate moisture for the development of the fruit.
The mandarin is slow to grow if its reproduction is by means of the seeds, since it presents many disadvantages, such as its plants that must go through juvenile processes such as heterogeneity, asexual reproduction by grafting is preferable during winter, in mid-August in the southern hemisphere, as long as there are no late frosts.
It is a fruit that demands fertilizer in large quantities of micro and macronutrients, suffers from deficiencies such as a lack of zinc or magnesium. It needs a good watering that does not wilt or saturate it, it must be between 15 to 30 cm deep from the soil and that it maintains its humidity
It is frequent that they are installed in supported structures, and the breaking of their branches, it is of the utmost importance that it be pruned annually since this helps to eliminate dead and diseased branches and protect the rest of the vegetation.
The harvest takes place between March and August as it improves the yield and quality of the fruit, giving it a fresher consumption. Tangerines should not be beaten as it affects their quality.
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Uses and benefits of mandarin
For the skin
The mandarin contains vitamin A, excellent for people who suffer from pimples, acne, for that reason its consumption and those derived from the same vitamin are recommended. Tangerine can treat skin problems, such as healing wounds, skin damage as it helps to rebuild tissues. Eliminates the symptoms of aging, skin wrinkles at bay. Vitamin A is of great help in these cases.
It also contains vitamin C, which is commonly known by people, being an antioxidant contributes to vitamin A in the aging process, prevents the possibility of contracting cancer. Vitamin C helps you maintain healthy youthful and fresh skin, stimulates collagen which is the protein that maintains flexibility in the skin.
There is an easy mask based on mandarin that helps to obtain a bright and beautiful skin, with 4 slices of the mandarin, discard the seeds, it mixes very well with yogurt and honey. Apply for 10 to 20 minutes on the face and neck, then rinse with cold water and in a week or two we will see a dry and normal skin free of oil. Pulls out harmful bacteria.
For the hair
The most important antioxidant properties in vitamin A condition and hydrate the scalp by acting on the pollution that weakens the hair.
Vitamin B12 is ideal for reducing hair loss and makes it grow strong and smooth, it also prevents the process of graying.
Vitamin C helps in the breakdown of iron which is a healthy source for it, applying tangerine juice with an oil for the hair leaves it shiny and silky and at the same time it is absorbed by the body.
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Composed of 88% water, the mandarin is ideal against constipation, since it has 2 grams of dietary fiber in the pulp and its rind. It is also excellent in any type of digestive disease and high cholesterol.
Used in weight loss diets
More than 50% of women know that mandarin is recommended for diets, because it is citrus and low in sugar.
The tangerine contains a large amount of fiber. These foods with fiber, allow the stomach to feel fuller for longer than normal, also reduces the anxiety to eat, so it is essential in diets. Many of the nutritionists have discovered among the properties of mandarin to lower insulin, since it uses it as fuel to eliminate extra kilos and not store sugar in the body. It is diuretic, cleansing, and an excellent detoxifier for burning fat. Contains 40 calories per 100 grams.
How is tangerine oil extracted?
Tangerine oil is easy to extract from its rind. It is cold pressed, since this is a common method in citrus oils. It has an orange color and provides a spicy yet sweet aroma.
There are two types of tangerine essential oil, one yellow and one green. The first is squeezed from the ripe fruit, and the second when it is green. Either one gives off a sweet aroma, green a little fresher and yellow is softer. Although their aromatic differences are visible, both are applied in the same way. It is not irritating or toxic. It should not be applied before or during sun exposure.
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Pregnancy and the mandarin
The tangerine is one of the fruits preferred by pregnant women since it is rich in vitamin C and folic acid, these are very important for the health and the correct development of the baby. It has an antioxidant power which will help the mother’s skin retain elasticity and remain healthy, this prevents the appearance of stretch marks.
Eating mandarins while breastfeeding was believed to be bad and toxic but it was shown to be totally false since it provides both the mother and the baby with folic acid, its consumption depends on the mother’s tolerance towards citrus fruits.
Tangerine and allergies
An allergy to mandarin is considered very rare. Most of its symptoms are mild and harmless, although there is a risk of anaphylactic shock (hypersensitivity reaction on the skin).
The most common symptoms of a mandarin allergy are: tingling sensation, mouth ulcers, watery eyes, diarrhea, vomiting, cramps in the abdomen and respiratory problems which would be nasal congestion, sneezing and pressure in the sinuses. If you have asthma, your most common symptoms would be coughing, shortness of breath, etc.
Mandarin for babies, how does it benefit them?
Tangerine juice is important for babies as it is healthy and refreshing, but it must be given in moderation as it can cause consequences for the baby. It is advisable to give it in a spoon instead, because when the acid of the tangerine is exposed for a long time with the teeth it can cause bottle cavities.
It is advisable not to squeeze them so much to preserve their nutritional value.
Sugar should not be added. From 18 months of age you can supply citrus fruits in jams, desserts, etc.
Smoothies are great for the summer as they cool. You can also make the juice and keep it in the refrigerator to turn into ice cream.
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Mandarin infusions, what are they for?
Mandarin infusions have cholesterol-lowering properties, as their relationship with cancer is also being studied, the results are very promising.
In 2004, a published trial compared the cholesterol-lowering properties between the peel and juice, resulting in the peels being more effective.
They contain 20 times more antioxidants than a juice and have the ability to neutralize the damage produced in human tissue and which is derived from premature aging, up to cancer, due to its high concentration of antioxidants, which makes it a possible weapon against cancer.
Another benefit of mandarin infusions, they are blood purifying on metals, and of the particles that accumulate in the arteries and organs which impair their functioning, being a reason for health concern due to their abundance in running waters.
Tangerine and cancer, how does it help?
If we talk about the properties of mandarin in our body, we must talk about its use in the fight against cancer.
The nitric oxide of the mandarin, helps in the prevention of different types of cancer, even studies indicate that drinking mandarin juice daily reduces the risk of liver, prostate or lung cancer. These studies have given quite promising results for patients.
Cosmetic uses of tangerine
Tangerine is one of the fruits with a pleasant taste and high concentration of vitamin C. It has enormous health benefits, reduces the risk of developing liver cancer, lowers cholesterol in the body and maintains stable blood pressure.
The vitamin C that is present in tangerine is good for the skin, so much so that it is used in cosmetics. By having antioxidants, they protect the skin from UVA rays, and help neutralize the harmful effects of free radicals, providing a healthier appearance. Helps reduces aging: wrinkles, fine lines, and blemishes.
Essential oil is a component in both creams, perfumes and handmade soaps.
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Medicinal uses of mandarin
In the peel of the mandarin we can find properties that lower cholesterol in the blood, due to its presence in compounds such as polymethoxylated flavones.
Some studies affirm that these substances allow the metabolism of fats and triglycerides in the liver. Contains pectin which reduces cholesterol.
If you suffer from anemia, the consumption of mandarin is recommended, due to its presence of vitamin C. It is essential nutrients that absorb iron in the group.
Mandarin orange has nobiletine, a type of flavonoid present in the white rind that helps fight atherosclerosis, which is the hardening of arteries due to the accumulation of fat.
It has both nutrients and minerals such as potassium, which lowers blood pressure.
Its oil is key for the growth of cells and tissues, for this reason it helps wound healing faster.
In addition, it also helps the health of the skin, improves its tone and prevents aging and wrinkles. It delays the appearance of gray hair.
It is a fruit that has great benefits, which cannot be overlooked, although some experts do not recommend it for patients with gastritis, irritable bowel, heartburn, but it is always good to go to a trusted nutritionist.
Mandarin is a citrus fruit that contains carotenoids in addition to vitamin C and fibers, ideal for people with cancer and diabetes.
The mandarin, helps in the prevention of diseases from obesity to type 2 diabetes. Nobiletin reduces general symptoms of metabolic syndrome, such as cholesterol, high triglycerides and high blood glucose; It is considered a prelude to the development of dangerous chronic diseases associated with the heart, pancreas and liver.
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Helps against diarrhea
The mandarin helps to remove toxins and residues by the developing bacteria, these produce diarrhea.
This soluble fiber enters the body and destroys microorganisms, by means of galacturonic acid composition, this generates a hostile environment in the growth of bacteria which produce infections, causing irritation of the intestinal walls and diarrhea.
It is a carbohydrate that contributes to the formation of a kind of mesh, a gel is formed, and it causes water to be trapped, consequently increasing the density of the stool, slowing down the physiological process and of course the transit. intestinal.
Its antioxidants prevent inflammation
Oranges are probably the great source of vitamins for humans. As are mandarins, rich in vitamin C which provide the antioxidants necessary for the body. These warn of swelling in the body.
Fight skin diseases and arthritis
The tangerine fruit has been used frequently for medical treatments, effectively fighting skin diseases and arthritis.
Absorbs iron from food
It absorbs iron in food very easily.
Improves digestion and prevents chronic diseases
Dietary fiber also improves digestion for the functioning of the body. Together, several chronic diseases such as cancer and heart diseases have been noticed with the convenient consumption of mandarins and other varieties of oranges.
Sepsis is a Staphylococcus aureus infection. This can cause redness, lump, boil formation, and severe pain. If you don’t take care of yourself, sepsis can spread to different parts of your body.
It is frequent in young children and babies because of its low immunity it is favored for bacteria. The essential oil of mandarin is a strong disinfectant and bactericide that eliminates said bacteria.
Improves cell division
A cytoplasmic is an agent that increases cell production and improves cell division, as well as stimulates growth. Your cell production is boosted and promotes frequent growth of your body, it also helps to remedy wear and tear on the body. Tangerine oil is a safe cytoplactic.
A blood cleansing agent is likewise known as a purgative. Tangerine oil is a powerful cleanser. The oil helps purify your body of abundance of uric acid, extra salt, builders, and water through the excretory pathway.
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Mandarin essential oil has soothing properties. It helps to end inflammation and oppresses hyperactivity in your circulatory, digestive, excretory and nervous systems. Mandarin essential oil helps suppress inflammation and helps calm fever, agitation, stress, and even depression. The sedative properties work against insomnia as well.
The tremors reach mild to severe levels and can have numerous inconveniences and adverse effects on your body. They can affect the respiratory, nervous and digestive systems causing respiratory problems, congestion and asthma. Seizures can also incite diarrhea, anger, and even nervous system disorders. Mandarin essential oil is an effective antispasmodic and support to relieve spasms.
A toner helps fortify and strengthen your physical functions. Mandarin oil is an effective tonic that triggers metabolic activity, and induces digestion by promoting the absorption of nutrients by the stomach and intestines. The oil improves its exemption, regulates secretions and promotes health in the nervous system. Helps fight contamination.
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Tangerine essential oil is effective for the digestive system. Being a stimulant of digestion, its digestive properties conceive that mandarin essential oil is sublime for the stomach. So the next time you end up saturating with food, you may want to experience a low level of tangerine essential oil.
Tangerine in gastronomy
The mandarins are manipulated in salads, in which we can serve low calorie content, as well as all their minerals and vitamins. It is recommended to eat at least 1 or 2 mandarins regularly. Indistinctly, this fruit is found in large quantities of sweet cooked dishes, due to its refreshing taste.
There are many pleasant recipes that you can prepare with mandarin as an added component. Golden with tangerines and shallots, smoothies, cookies with mandarin and rich and delicious tangerine muffins with chocolate chips.
Adding them to our usual diet is making shakes or smoothies, mainly for the little ones, they can absorb the properties of the mandarin and ward off diseases.
Contraindications and risks of mandarin
All citrus oils are known to be phototoxic and that is contained in tangerine oil. The main thing is to be cautious when it is presented in sunlight, real or artificial, within 72 hours after application. The oil picks up some chemicals that react when exposed to UV rays, causing inflammation, blisters and sores on the skin.
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Tangerine nutritional information
Mandarin orange contains average levels of pectin, a simple fiber which helps remove toxins and waste left behind by bacteria in progress, which, among other things, cause diarrhea.
By absorbing mandarin, a strong combatant and destructive microorganism is implanted in the organism, through the structure of galacturonic acid, which creates an incompatible environment for the increase of microbes that produce contagious sources, causing in great part of diarrhea and irritation of the abdominal walls .
This fiber, contained in mandarins, is a carbohydrate that favors the formation of a kind of tissue, which traps water and, in effect, forms a gel, which develops the consistency of feces, slowing down the organic process of evacuated from the stomach and visibly intestinal traffic.
The glycemic index is 30 and its calorie intake is 40 per 100 grams.
Kathie Sand always saw the world of beauty as the terrain on which to build her professional career, a goal that was clear to her when she was only 15 years old. Her great concern to expand knowledge led her to settle in Paris where she studied hand in hand with the best beauty professionals and with the most advanced techniques for skin care.