When Do Babies Crawl?: Start, Types, Problems And Exercises

As your baby begins to grow, thousands of doubts arise in your mind about the stages of development, feeding and proper learning. Among those doubts is the crawling phase. It is necessary that you know that your baby will develop sequentially, that is, a skill acquired by your baby will serve as support for the next skill to emerge . Your baby’s development is progressive, functions are constantly accumulating from the simplest to the most complicated.

Each gear of your small nervous system acts in an organized way for the simplification of development, where each zone interacts with the rest of the zones so that a systematic evolution of its abilities takes place. It is something really shocking.

Although crawling does not represent an essential pattern of behavior in your baby for the walking phase, multiple specialized studies have shown that the crawling phase stimulates the development of their vision, spatial orientation, touch, activates their system vestibular balance , in addition your baby will be able to achieve more autonomy in their movement and begins to make their own decisions about the direction to go. Keep reading so that you are well informed about this very important and special phase for your baby’s development.

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Baby’s motor development

According to the law of cephalo-caudal development, the direction of its progress is linear (from top to bottom), that is, it goes from the head to its feet. Also from the central area of ​​your body to the outside, based on the law of distal proximal improvement. Which means that your baby’s ability to crawl will occur more or less at the end of the first year, around the ninth month. This is not a standardized rule, you must remember that all babies do not have the same rate of progress, and the crawling phase does not occur in all babies.

The baby’s motor development is divided into fine motor and gross motor. The fine motor zone is related to graphomotor skills, manual eye coordination, etc. As for the gross motor area, it is more connected with locomotion, postural control and body coordination. So when considering the laws of development, cervical control represents the first evolutionary milestone related to your baby’s motor skills, that is, around month 3 or 4 the baby can hold his head. After sitting up without the need for support, your baby will be able to balance on all 4 limbs to crawl and finally, in the first year, stand and walk.

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Baby start in crawling

Already when the baby keeps his head upright and supports himself by leaning on his arms, the baby learns to roll over. The movements related to crawling and walking in your baby require partial rotations of his small body, independent between the hips and the shoulders, in addition to being synchronized in a parallel way. In the development phase of crawling there are psychological and biomechanical factors that play an important role: coordination, balance, strength developed in the extremities and body dimension.

Guidelines for Stimulating Crawling

Once your baby can sit up without the need for support, it is time to encourage crawling by following certain guidelines:

  • First your baby will begin to move using his hands, by placing yourself behind the baby you can guide the legs so that your baby performs the movement synchronized with his little hands and begins to slide. You must bear in mind that the fundamental thing is that your baby wants to move and leans on some part of the body to be able to move.
  • When your baby is sitting, help him to support his hands forward, now you must bend his knees and direct his feet backwards, when rocking with a gentle push, in this way your baby will be in a position to crawl.
  • Once your baby is in the crawling position, he will gradually learn to sit up and move into the crawling position, until he discovers that he can swing from front to back when he is in a crawling position.
  • Then you will find that by pressing your knees against the ground you can give a gentle push, just enough to start the crawl. Finally, the baby learns to change from sitting to crawling position and is able to fine-tune his technique.

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At what age does your baby start the crawling stage?

Babies begin to crawl between 6 months and 10 months of age. Although many babies skip this stage, because they do not like to crawl very much or simply go straight to learning to walk. It is essential that your baby properly control his balance so that he can crawl, he needs to coordinate his feet and hands, in addition to stiffening his legs to learn to walk later . Do not worry if your baby at this stage does not crawl in a conventional way, it is normal for each baby to develop their own crawling techniques: bend their legs to move the buttocks, move seated, lean on the limbs to slide their tummy, among others. .

Baby’s environment for crawling

To properly stimulate your baby for the crawling stage, it is best to provide him with a suitable environment: you can find some of his favorite toys to place in front of him and far enough away, so that the little one dares to look for them. Additionally you can put some pillows so that he learns to avoid them. Ideally, the baby should always be accompanied, remember that your baby is learning and will always need the help or support of an adult.

The space where the baby will crawl must be free of risks. It is necessary that you be on the lookout for stairs and cover each socket properly, your curiosity may lead you to put your fingers in the sockets. Keep an eye on doors, floors, open windows, and things that could become a risk to the baby .

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At what point should I be concerned if he is not crawling?

Each child is different, therefore, the development of their abilities also differs. But if you notice that your baby at 6 months does not show signs of mobility such as leaning on the forearms or rolling over, it is best to consult your pediatrician. The important thing is that your baby seeks to move and does it in the best possible way. There is no need to worry if your baby does not crawl, some little ones dislike the crawling position. Any questions regarding your baby’s lack of mobility should be clarified with the trusted pediatrician.

Exercises and games to stimulate movement and crawling

Before the crawling phase, it is essential that your baby roll, stretch or sit up alone. Here are some stimulation exercises for your baby to learn to crawl. Crawling stimulation is beneficial for your baby, but you should never force it .

Exercises to stimulate crawling:

  • Balance is essential for your baby to learn to crawl, you can lay the baby on your belly and hold a toy at a distance in front of him. Your baby will need to stretch his arms to try to grasp the object, this way he exercises his balance.
  • Sit the baby on the floor and around him place some toys, a little out of his reach. Your baby will bend over trying to get the toys and will probably crawl on all fours at times.
  • Your baby will learn to crawl without bending his knees before crawling. Help him to bend his knees, while helping him to bend them press the soles of his feet a little. As a point of support the baby will use his hands and move forward arching his knees.
  • Lifting your belly off the ground will be quite difficult. So that the baby gets used to the crawling position, with your legs stretched, sit on the floor and then place the baby with his belly on your thighs, the knees and hands will be flat on the floor.
  • Once your baby is in the crawling position, you can motivate him to progress by placing yourself in the same position as him.
  • Do not forget that when you start to crawl your baby discovers new and exciting things for him, so it is essential that he is always under your supervision while he is crawling.

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Games to stimulate movement and crawling

For your baby, crawling is a pleasant activity and quite necessary for the correct development of his brain, in addition to collaborating in the activation of certain neurological processes that benefit his intellect. Here are some crawling stimulation games that you can practice with your baby.

The crawling tunnel

The crawling tunnel is a very stimulating game, which is widely used in psychomotor sessions. During this stimulation and exercise game, you can use some play objects: crawling mats, cushions, the tunnel, a moving mat, as well as some surfaces with different densities in a large space so that your baby can explore without complications. Your baby will be able to move, strengthen his autonomy and his ability to make decisions.

Mommy and her handkerchief

For this game you will need a comfortable place and a handkerchief. Place the baby on his back on a blanket. Then you place yourself on your knees by his side with a handkerchief of attractive shades, bring the handkerchief to his face, brush his belly, his little hands and his legs. If your baby is less than 3 months old, the movements will be clumsy and uncontrolled, but he will follow the object if you place it on his head. By the time he is 3 months old, he is able to raise his arms to the handkerchief and will try to touch it, albeit with a little mess. Bring the handkerchief as close as you can, every time your baby touches it, congratulate him. If he is 6 months old, your baby will probably touch the tissue and manipulate it. You can also place the handkerchief on a little foot, to stimulate abdominal work a little.

Drive

To develop spatial awareness, the car ride will be very beneficial for both of you. You need to find a large cardboard box, then you need to tie a rope to the box. You are going to place a cushion inside the box, now place your baby on top, he will be fascinated to be tucked in there. Bring him any circular toy and tell him to be the driver, then pull the string. If you prefer, you can sing him some animated song. As you drag the box around the house, you can change the speed.

To fly on the pillow

Place your baby face down on a circular cushion or pillow. Help him roll back and forth on the cushion, placing one of your hands under his little legs and one in his armpits. When he is tired of playing, you can release him so that he is on the circular cushion, with his hands and knees resting on the floor. With the support pillow on her belly, let her stay in the crawling position for a while. Pat her back while you whisper cute words or sing to her. Your baby will probably startle a little during play. Keep it securely for a long time so that it does not panic. Try it several times, you will see that it quickly gets used to it and will love it. Respect his spirit, do not insist if he wants to stop playing.

What do you not catch?

With this game your baby develops abdominal muscles and attention. Place your baby on a blanket in front of you. Take an eye-catching toy out of a box and place it near her hand. Next, continue taking other attractive objects but further away from his hands and finally place them away from where he is. The objects that attract him will try to catch them.

To play the wheelbarrow

It is difficult for your baby to start the crawling stage. You can strengthen their confidence and strength by playing wheelbarrow. Place your baby on his stomach, place his hands on the floor, now hold him at the hips. Go down little by little until you get to hold your feet. Hold your baby at a precise angle in this position, when you see him secure in his hands, start rocking him slightly back and forth. Bend his knees and put him on the floor in the crawling position.

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Different types of baby crawling or shifting

Crawling allows your baby to acquire some autonomy, it also gives him the opportunity to experiment and discover the environment that surrounds him. Know the different types of crawling that exist, although these are not a rule because there may be some variations.

Crawling crawl

The crawling crawl is one of the most used at the beginning of the crawling phase. The baby uses only his arms, they slide forward, pushing the whole body. At certain times the baby may roll back.

Standard crawling

In the standard crawl the baby is placed on the knees and hands, then crosses the gait, that is, your baby’s left leg advances when his right hand advances and vice versa. Then a curvature begins to create at the level of the lumbar.

Bear crawl

This kind of crawling appears between 48 weeks of age and the first year. Your baby can support himself with his feet and hands, flexing his thighs. It is essential for the development of the lumbar arch and provides enough stability to later be able to obtain standing .

Sitting Crawling

In seated crawl your baby crawls, stretching and flexing his legs, while gently supporting himself with his hands to push himself forward. You can jump up and down in a sitting position to slowly advance

As you can see, these are the most common types of crawling, although you will most likely find that your baby is crawling in a very particular way. Regardless of the type of crawling your baby performs, it is vital that you give importance to his interest in exploring and moving. Let your little baby crawl and put aside the fear of getting his clothes dirty. Let him explore and don’t scold him if he doesn’t want to. Let it rise and rise in areas where there is no danger. Your baby needs to investigate and touch everything, he only controls the objects that may cause him some damage around him. Allow your baby to be free to explore and learn.

Suitable clothes for crawling

When your baby begins the crawling phase, you do not need to buy a specific clothing, it may be that a lot of the clothes he has now will work very well, as long as it does not become an obstacle to his crawling function. Although there is a wide variety of clothes in online stores and even certain accessories to simplify the crawling stage of your baby, it is your free choice to give your baby the necessary implements for this phase full of movements and to take care of his delicate knees .

Clothes to protect your delicate knees

  • If you have clothes at home that include knee pads and pads, they are perfect for your baby at this stage that will take him a long time on the floor. If not, you can buy pants to crawl, they are pants specially designed for this stage, you can easily add them to your wardrobe and quick to wear and wash. It gives you the opportunity to take care of your baby’s street clothes, keeping it always protected, clean and perfect.
  • If you do not want to spend on this kind of clothing for your baby, you can also opt for the typical knee pads, which you can place your baby on his daily clothes, in this way you protect his knees. In addition to taking care of your knees, it prevents your clothes from wearing out quickly.
  • Another excellent and quite effective option, would be to recycle some used socks, you only need to cut the ends and place the socks on the pants (it is a substitute for the classic knee brace), in such a way that the heel area of The sock matches the knee of your baby.

Appropriate footwear for crawling

  • The booties or socks are effective from 0 months until he begins to crawl, your baby will be protected from the cold on his feet. During this stage, footwear is not recommended.
  • To protect your baby from crawling bumps, you can opt for flexible shoes made of soft fabrics, which have extra protection in the heel and toe, as well as a 2 to 3 mm soft sole. You must be aware of the friction on the baby’s feet.

Special knee pads for crawling

When your baby begins to slide and then to crawl, you are probably worried about the damage that can occur to their delicate knees, due to rough or very hard floors. To avoid damage to your knees, you can opt for specially designed knee pads for the crawling stage . This way you protect his clothes and his knees. These knee pads can be found in one size, made of cotton, similar to a sock without the toe, you can put them on and take them off without any complications. The crawling knee pads have some silicone dots as additional protection against chafing, in addition to preventing slipping and giving you better grip when crawling.

Main problems when a baby crawls

Some of the main problems you run into when your baby starts to crawl are:

  • By crawling on the ground in winter, your baby can catch cold and get sicker than usual.
  • Slipping due to the slippery floor or the clothing is not the most appropriate, so it is essential that your baby has the right home clothes for crawling.
  • Your baby’s knees and legs can be more affected during the summer.

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Kathie Sand always saw the world of beauty as the terrain on which to build her professional career, a goal that was clear to her when she was only 15 years old. Her great concern to expand knowledge led her to settle in Paris where she studied hand in hand with the best beauty professionals and with the most advanced techniques for skin care.

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